Part1 - Part2

comp.protocols.snmp SNMP FAQ Part 2 of 2

From: (Tom Cikoski)
Newsgroups: comp.protocols.snmp,comp.answers,news.answers
Subject: comp.protocols.snmp SNMP FAQ Part 2 of 2
Supersedes: <7hejp9$hoj$>
Followup-To: comp.protocols.snmp
Date: 11 Jul 1999 14:46:34 -0400
Organization: The SNMP WorkShop/Panther Digital Corp, Danbury, Connecticut USA
Expires: Sat, 18 Sep 1999 05:00:00 GMT
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Summary: Introduction to SNMP & comp.protocols.snmp newsgroup
Keywords: SNMP FAQ
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Archive-name: snmp-faq/part2
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Version: 2.44

                     PART 2 of 2

         FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions - FAQ
          Simple Network Management Protocol
This 2-part document is provided as a service by and for the readers
and droogs of Internet USENET news group comp.protocols.snmp and may be
used for research and educational purposes only.  Any commercial
use of the text may be in violation of copyright laws under
the terms of the Berne Convention. My lawyer can whup your lawyer.

Anthology Edition Copyright 1999, Thomas R. Cikoski, All Rights Reserved

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~Subject:              TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.00.00 FAQ PART 1 of 2:            NOT IN THIS DOCUMENT

1.01.00 --General
1.01.01 What is the purpose of this FAQ?
1.01.02 Where can I Obtain This FAQ?
1.01.99 This FAQ Stinks!

1.10.00 --General Questions about SNMP and SNMPv1
1.10.01 What is SNMP?
1.10.02 How do I develop and use SNMP technology?
1.10.10 How does an Agent know where to send a Trap?
1.10.15 How can I remotely manage community strings?

1.11.00 --RFC
1.11.01 What is an RFC?
1.11.02 Where can I get RFC text?

1.12.00 --SNMP Reference
1.12.01 What books are there which cover SNMP?
1.12.02 What periodicals are heavily oriented to SNMP?
1.12.03 What classes are available on the topic of SNMP?
1.12.04 What email discussion groups are available for SNMP?
1.12.05 What trade shows cater to SNMP?
1.12.06 What SNMP product User Groups are available.
1.12.07 Where can I find SNMP-related material on WWW?
1.12.08 What related mailing lists exist?
1.12.20 What related newsgroups exist?

1.13.00 --Miscellaneous
1.13.01 SNMP and Autodiscovery
1.13.02 SNMP Traps
1.13.03 SNMP and/versus The Web
1.13.04 SNMP and Java
1.13.05 SNMP and CORBA
1.13.06 SNMP and Visual Basic

1.20.00 --General Questions about SNMPv2
1.20.01 What is SNMPv2?
1.20.02 What is SNMPv2*/SNMPv1+/SNMPv1.5?
1.20.03 What is SNMPv2c?
1.20.04 What the heck other SNMPv's are there?

1.22.00 --General Questions about SNMPv3
1.22.01 What is SNMP V3?

1.30.00 --RMON
1.30.01 What is RMON?
1.30.02 RMON Standardization Status
1.30.03 RMON Working Group.
1.30.04 Joining the RMON Working Group Mailing List 
1.30.05 Historical RMON Records
1.30.06 RMON Documents
1.30.07 RMON2

1.40.00 --ISODE
1.40.01 What is ISODE?
1.40.02 Where can I get ISODE?
1.40.03 Is there an ISODE/SNMP mailing list?

1.50.00 --Using SNMP to Monitor or Manage
1.50.01 How do I calculate utilization using SNMP?
1.50.02 What are Appropriate Operating Thresholds?
1.50.03 Are MIBs available to monitor application traffic?

2.00.00 FAQ PART 2 of 2:            IN THIS DOCUMENT

2.01.00 --CMIP
2.01.01 What is CMIP?
2.01.02 What books should I read about CMIP?
2.01.03 A CMISE/GDMO Mailing List
2.01.04 What is OMNIPoint?

2.02.00 --Other Network Management Protocols
2.02.01 What alternatives exist to SNMP?

2.10.00 --SNMP Software and Related Products
2.10.01 Where can I get Public Domain SNMP software?
2.11.01 Where can I get Proprietary SNMP software?
2.12.01 Where can I get SNMP Shareware?
2.13.01 Miscellaneous FTP and WWW Sources
2.14.01 What CMIP software is available?
2.15.01 SNMP and Windows NT/95
2.16.01 More About CMU SNMP Software
2.17.01 Miscellaneous SNMP-related Products
2.18.01 SNMP and OS/2
2.18.02 SNMP and SCO Unix
2.18.03 SNMP and Linux
2.18.04 SNMP and AS/400
2.20.01 SNMP++

2.30.00 --The SNMP MIB (Management Information Base)
2.30.01 What is a MIB?
2.30.02 What are MIB-I and MIB-II
2.30.03 How do I convert SNMP V1 to SNMP V2 MIBs?
2.30.04 How do I convert SNMP V2 to SNMP V1 MIBs?
2.30.05 What are enterprise MIBs?
2.30.06 Where can I get enterprise MIBs?
2.31.01 MIB Compiler Topics
2.32.01 How can I get ______ from the _____ MIB?
2.35.01 How can I register an Enterprise MIB?
2.35.02 Where can I find Enterprise Number Assignments?
2.37.01 How Do I Create a Table Within a Table?
2.37.05 How Do I Reset MIB Counters via SNMP?
2.37.07 How can I change a published MIB?
2.38.01 How unique must MIB variable names be?

2.40.00 --SMI
2.40.01 What is the SMI?
2.40.02 What is SMIv2?
2.40.03 Table Indexing and SMI

2.45.00 --ASN.1
2.45.01 What is ASN.1?
2.45.02 Why is ASN.1 not definitive for SNMP?

2.50.00 --BER
2.50.01 How is the Integer value -1 encoded?
2.50.02 What is the Maximum Size of an SNMP Message?

2.98.00 Appendix A. Glossary
2.99.00 Appendix B. Acknowledgements & Credits 

2.00.00 FAQ PART 2 of 2:

2.01.00 --CMIP

   YES, we do need to mention it here!
   Paul Rolland writes from France:
 "CMIP is the Common Management Information Protocol. It is an OSI
  protocol that has been defined for Network Management. It comes
  together with the CMIS (Commom Management Information Service). 
  This service provides :
    monitoring: in this case, you are using CMIP to gain information,
    control:    you can manipulate objects that you manage,
    reporting:  Managed objects can tell you something wrong is
SUBJECT: What books should I read about CMIP?
   The collected OSI specifications are of sufficient bulk
   to sink a small craft in calm waters.  Start easy:
     The Open Book: A Practical Perspective on OSI
     by: Marshall T. Rose
     ISBN 0-13-643016-3
     (c) 1990 Prentice-Hall, Inc
     Open Systems Networking: OSI & TCP/IP
     by: David Piscitello & A. L. Chapin
     ISBN 0-201-56334-7
     (c) 1993 Addison-Wesley
     SNMP, SNMPv2 and CMIP: The Practical Guide to
     Network Management Standards
     by: William Stallings
     ISBN 0-201-63331-0
     (c) 1993 Addison-Wesley Publishing Co, Inc


"A new WWWboard has been setup for people interested in CMISE/GDMO.
Please checkout"

Mike Dorin
SUBJECT: What is OMNIPoint?
   "A common approach to the integrated management of
    networked information systems."
   In practical terms, a vehicle for helping to bridge
   the standards gap between SNMP and OSI/CMIP so that
   the end user customer can reap the benefits of both.
   A product of the:
      Network Management Forum
      40 Morristown Road
      Bernardsville, NJ 07924
      Ph: 908-766-1544
      Fx: 908-766-5741
   A catalog of products is available."


"The Network Management Forum (NMF) is now called the
TeleManagement Forum (TMF) and is located at"

Wayne Cannon

2.02.00 --Other Network Management Protocols

SUBJECT: What alternatives exist to SNMP?

1) CMIP/GDMO (Common Management Information Protocol/Guidelines for the
Definition of Managed Objects) is an ITU network management protocol.
Requires more resources on client and server to operate than SNMP but
provides a richer and a better object oriented basis than SNMP; still backed
by many telecommunications vendors and carriers but some question its future
now that CORBA has become so popular (see below). Try

2) TL1 (Transaction Language 1) is a Network Element (NE) management
language defined by Telcordia (formerly Bellcore) that is used primarily in
North America in telecommunications equipment. Unlike all the other
protocols I mention here, it is ASCII based and designed to allow text entry
of commands via a "craft" port (EIA232 or X.25 connector) by a machine or
"craftsperson" and responses or autonomous messages to be easily parsed by
machines and read by craftspersons. Try or

3) (There is a German NE management protocol that I always forget the name
of; don't know anything about it though.)

[I think you mean QD2, right? It is somehow a light version of Q3.
For more information on QD2, please contact

--Frank Fock]

4) CORBA (Common Object Request Broker Architecture) is an object oriented
remote-procedure-call (RPC) protocol. While not designed specifically for
network management, it is now considered a more widely available and less
expensive alternative to CMIP/GDMO for NEs whose management requirements can
not be easily met by SNMP or TL1. Try

5) HTML or XML. Starting to show up in IP equipment, such as network ready
printers. (Try pointing a web browser at a recent HP laser printer if you
have one on your network and see if it doesn't have a web server running on
it, along with an SNMP agent too!)

And then there are proprietary protocols, of which I have a small knowledge
of one or two:

6) TBOS (Can't remember what it stands for! A web search should help; very
simple alarm and control protocol.)

7) Badger and Larse low baud rate serial protocols for control and
monitoring of, for example, microwave sites. Try (I
consulted to Badger Technology for a while.)

James Logajan

I wouldn't suggest CORBA is a management protocol (it isn't) or that it
could be used as one.  CORBA is only a spec, not a product, and the
products from the specs vary so much they are often not interoperable.
CORBA is expensive to implement and difficult to manage.


However, Visual Edge makes a product called ObjectBridge that is a
COM/CORBA bridge that also has an SNMP agent built in, and generates
MIB files for the CORBA objects.  If you have to use CORBA to monitor
applications, as is often the case in UNIX when people try to use Java
for enterprise apps, this product would work well for adding monitoring

DMTF and CIM, and their associated technologies, like WBEM, are your
best bet for alternatives to SNMP.  I know of nothing else that is

Jeff Jones
2.10.00 --SNMP Software and Related Products

SUBJECT: Where can I get Public Domain SNMP software?
     Carnegie-Mellon University
     4910 Forbes Ave.
     Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890
     ftp from
     both SNMP and SNMPv2 are available.
     There is no FAQ, and CMU does not guarantee to answer
     questions about their software. There are man pages
     in the tar file, and the code is well documented
     and easy to follow.

     [Also see SUBJECT 2.16.01 More About CMU SNMP Software]
     Cambridge, Massachusetts

     "look in /pub/snmp"
     Christophe Meessen writes:
>I've put a small package on a ftp server that relates to SNMP.
>It is a minimal set of BER assembling/disassembling primitives
>needed to implement SNMPv1 or SNMPv2.
>BER compilation primitives compile in reverse. That is they compile
>from the last byte toward the first byte. This result in the
>simplest BER compilation code.
>The exact path is ( /pub/snmp/ber
     NAS HNMS (NAS Hierarchical Network Management System)
     [What follows is a much-edited post from Jude A. George]
"HNMS is the NAS Hierarchical Management System -- an SNMP- and
X Windows- based software package for monitoring large,
heterogeneous IP networks.
[.. deletions here by Editor.. ]
NOTICE  There is a version of the software that we sent to COSMIC,
        which is NASA's technology transfer organization at the
        University of Georgia.  As of yet, COSMIC is still putting
        together their distribution.
        Anyone can get a copy of HNMS v2.0c3 directly from COSMIC,
        and expand/revise/modify/redistribute it.  However, if you do
        redistribute it, the following provisions are in effect:
        You MAY NOT: make minor changes and re-release the entire
                     package with your own copyright.
        You MAY:     make make minor changes and copyright only
                     the changes.
        You MAY:     make major ( > 50% ) changes, and copyright
                     the whole work.
[.. deletions here by Editor.. ]

[How to get to COSMIC:]
For sample screen snapshots, try the following in your favorite
WWW viewer:

There is an HNMS mailing list, maintained by Jason Thorpe at Oregon
State University.  To subscribe to the list, send mail to,
[ message body ]
subscribe hnms-users [your e-mail address, optional]
For help, send the message body 'help'.  Questions about the list may
be sent to"

[Editor's note: We received this via EMAIL ...

"HNMS seems not to be free software.

Andreas Rittershofer
D-72555 Metzingen

... so, let the buyer beware...]
     The UT-SNMP projectgroup
"description: Currently, we are building version 4 of the 
UT-SNMP package. In this new version we initialize
the PartyMIB by a configuration file(s). The layout
of this initialization file is defined and described
in the "SNMPv2 Administrative Configuration Proposal"
by Dave Perkins and John Seligson (Synoptics). 

Some projectmembers have made software to 
create those configuration file(s) in a very
convenient manner. The software asks some simple
questions and depending on the input generates the
initialization file(s). 
  package:     UT-PERKINS-1_0.tar.Z
  programmers: Martijn Visser & Erwin Bonsma.
  postal:         The UT-SNMP projectgroup
                  Tele-Informatics and Open Systems Group
                  Department of Computer Science
                  P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE  Enschede, The Netherlands
  voice:          +31 53 894099
  ftp:  "
     "The tkined & scotty network management system
     The Technical University of Braunschweig has developed an
     extensible network management platform which uses the
     Tool Command Language (Tcl) as its primary extensions
     The tkined network editor is the graphical user interface
     which integrates applications that are usually written as
     Tcl scripts based on the scotty Tcl extension. scotty provides
     access to SNMPv1 and SNMPv2 and a number of well known
     Internet services like DNS, various ICMP packets, NTP, TCP,
     UDP, SUN RPCs (mount, rstat, portmap) etc.
     Applications distributed with the scotty and tkined sources
     include network discovery, trouble-shooting applications, 
     event filter, SNMP MIB browser etc. An experimental MIB
     browser is also available via WWW using the URL:
     The SNMP Tcl extension uses a SNMPv1/v2 protocol stack written
     from scratch which was designed to directly support our Tcl
     API. This provides a portable and fast implementation. A brief
     history on SNMP Tcl extension is available using the URL:
     Information about the current status of the project, the
     mailing list and the availability of our software can be
     found at:

     [Editor's note: Holger Trapp has informed me that all of
      the above URL's for tkined & scotty should be replaced by

     Another Scotty URL:
     has links both to Scotty, generally my favorite tool for this work, and
     snmpy, which is written in Python.  There also are solutions in Perl
     and other scripting languages. [Cameron Laird]
     SNMPt and the WILMA package
"SNMPt-1.4 (Toolkit kernel)
  - *FULL* documentation in *ENGLISH* (about 130 pages)
  - compiles on HP, SUN4.1.3, LINUX, AIX
  - includes the counters of the snmp group of the MIB-II
  - source for 'barefoot' manager commands:
        + snmpget
        + snmpset
        + snmpnext
        + snmpwalk
        + snmptrap
  - error handling improved
  - goodies: TCP and TELNET support for client/server management
MibCompiler-1.2 (ASN.1 compiler kernel)
  - precompiled versions available for
        + HP/UX 9.0 (MC680x0, HP-PA)
        + Linux
SimAgent-1.1 (Agent simulator for test purposes)
  - uses MibCompiler-1.2
mibc-1.2 (MIB compiler)
  - some bugs have been removed
  - compatible with SNMPt-1.4
snmpm-3.2 (MIB browser)
  - new layout of the windows
  - menu always visible
  - 'find' function
  - can send SET REQUESTS
  - merges and displays MIBs found on agents and on the compiler
  - now ANSI-C source
  - many bugs have been removed
mibII-1.1 (MIB-II agent)
  - uses SNMPt-1.4
  - now, two groups of the standard are supported
    (some others still missing - sorry)
Xldv-1.2 (widgets)
  - fully ANSI-C
  - use mmak-5.2
SMI-1.0 (ASN.1 definitions for MIBs)
  - header files for mibc
  - some ASN.1 sources of MIBs
mmak-5.2 (multiplatform project manager and makefile generator)
  - some bugs have been removed
  - recursively scans for #include "xxx.h"
  - supports new platform names
        + hp.68k
        + sun
        + linux
        + aix
  - supports an improved version and release management system
  - knows .asn1 files and mibc
The new releases are available on our ftp server using the standard
anonymous ftp access (XMosaic access is supported partially by HTML files!).
For installation read the INSTALLATION_INSTRUCTIONS.html document.
You may also be interested in what is COMING_SOON.html.
For questions and comments, send E-Mail to"
     (from Mark Wallace)
"The comp.protocols.tcp-ip.ibmpc faq had this info on a DOS SNMP
monitor package:
Downright Speculation
SNMP monitor    Free
Available at 

Also available at
     from UC Davis  & Wes Hardaker (see FTP list in Part 1 )

What is it?

  - Various tools relating to the Simple Network Management Protocol

	* An extensible agent
	* An SNMP library
	* tools to request or set information from SNMP agents
	* tools to generate and handle SNMP traps
	* a version of the unix 'netstat' command using SNMP
        * a graphical Perl/Tk/SNMP based mib browser

    This package is originally based on the Carnegie Mellon University
    SNMP implementation (version, but has developed significantly
    since then.

Is it free?

  Yes.  See the enclosed COPYING file for copyright details.  With
  this version only (version 3.4), I'm asking people to send me a
  postcard of your home city, area, or country.  I intend to arrange
  them into a logo, take a picture of them all, and use the picture on
  the ucd-snmp web page.  If you wish to send a postcard, please send
  it to:

         Wes Hardaker
         IT - DCAS
         Davis CA, 95616

Where can I get it?


  I'm also happy to say that all of the ucd-snmp web and mailing list
  services have their own hostname now, that is much easier to
  remember:  So, instead, please use:


Are there binaries available?

  - There are binaries for some systems available in the binaries
    directory on the ftp site.

What operating systems does it run on?

	* HP-UX 9.07, 9.05, 9.03, 9.01 on HPPA 1.1 systems
	* HP-UX 10.20, 10.10, 10.01 on HPPA 1.1 systems
	* Ultrix 4.5, 4.4, 4.3, 4.2 on DEC MIPS systems
	* Solaris 2.6, 2.5.1, 2.5, 2.4, 2.3 on Sun SPARC systems
	* Solaris 2.5 on x86 systems
	* SunOS 4.1.4, 4.1.3, 4.1.3, 4.1.2 on Sun SPARC systems
	* OSF 4.0, 3.2 on DEC Alpha systems
	* NetBSD 1.3alpha, 1.2.1, 1.2, 1.1, 1.0 on all? systems
	* FreeBSD 3.0, 2.2.2, 2.2 on all? systems
	* BSDi 2.1 on all? systems
	* Linux 2.1, 2.0, 1.3 on all? systems
        * AIX 4.1.5, 3.2.5 on all? systems
        * OpenBSD ? on all? systems
        * Irix 5.1, 6.2

  The applications (though not necessarily the agent) run on the
  following systems:

        * Windows95
        * Windows NT

  It's quite possible it will run on some systems not listed above.

Which versions of SNMP are supported in this package?

  SNMPv1, SNMPv2p, and SNMPv2c

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     from pwilson:

"New portable SNMP agent distribution is available under GPL.
We call it snmp95. It is available for anonymous ftp from

As well as number of other products named xxxx95 it is rather
a transtional product representing current intermediate state
of SNMPv1 -> SNMPv2 transition.

First, let me describe what is there.
1. It is bi-lingual SNMPv1/SNMPv2 implementation based on the
   recent drafts, which will change along with draft changes.

2. It includes two agents: base agent which will compile and run
   on all kinds of UNIXes, but without MIB-II and agent which will
   compile and run on SVR4/386 UNIX. Latter one has driver/kernel
   based (Karl are you reading ?) implementation of MIB-II for streams
   based TCP/IP.

3. Long time ago the thing was started from CMU-SNMP code, so it still
   shares common philosophy and some familiar names. At the same time
   basic SNMP library has error detection/reporting added to fully
   support new errors required by SNMPv2. Agent to MIB interface
   is also improved - MIBs can be hooked on the agent as binary modules.

4. The general design philosophy is to have a predictable minimal load
   on the underlying managed system from SNMP agent (e.g. agent does not
   use malloc's) while providing commercial level of capabilities: binary
   extensibility, fully implemented SETs and error-code support.
5. Admin/security portion of the code is separated from the rest of the
   code. So, if any new admin models will surface no changes in MIB or
   agent code will be required, unless some creative statistics will
   be stacked in.

6. Code is extremely portable. Practically 99% of system dependent
   code is contained within driver itself. I do not think that it 
   will take more than a couple of days to port it to something else.
7. Simple community based admin model codes are provided. An absolutely
   trivial one with base agent and a little bit more sophisticated
   with svr4x86 one.

8. Code is lightly tested in the respect that it will perform gets and
   get-nexts on all variables in MIB-II, supported by underlying system.
   It will also perform SETs on all read-write variables in MIB-II and
   in ipForwardTable, except tcpConnState. What was not tested yet is that 
   phase1 one of SET will reject absolutely all thinkable wrong routes
   without allowing for commit phase to take place: there is practically
   unlimited number of wrong routes. So, we tested against some most evident
   wrong ones but this is not finished yet."
     ISODE  -- see section 39 in Part 1 of this FAQ
Moved to 2.20.01.
     SNMP Management Proxy Server

"The SNMP Management Proxy Server is a platform independent web-browser
based client/server system for SNMP based report generation.

The source code is available on request and without fee.

The SNMP Management Proxy Server is a platform
independent web-browser based client/server system for
SNMP based report generation. The new version 2.6 is now available.

An online demo is running at

You can get the source code from

(For the installation you will also need scotty-tcl)

Sven Doerr"

Hal M. Staniloff wrote:

> Can anyone recommend a good public domain SNMP management software package?
> It should be able to import MIBs etc.  I don't care if it runs under LINUX
> or NT, I just need something that can handle traps and give a picture of the
> state of my network.

There are several tools you can use. First of all is the ever popular scotty
(TCL/Tk) package for Unix.

The URL for Scotty is:

The UC Davis SNMP package for UNIX is at:

For more info and software links go to the Simple Web page at:

-- Barry D. Chalcroft

"sts is an SNMP trap switchboard, which can be configured to
display, log via syslog(8) or redistribute received traps to
other hosts.  The idea is to configure all network equipment
that is capable of generating SNMP traps to send all traps
to sts on a single host, under the assumption that it is
easier to adjust trap handling in a single tool than to
reconfigure a number of network devices whenever the
requirements of local network management change."

Point your favourite browser to

Borge Brunes

"ModularSNMP - public domain, JAVA, SNMPv3 
from the University of Quebec at Montreal"

Mark Aubrey

However ...
I found a reference to the ModularSNMP Toolkit developed at the
University of Quebec Montreal in the SNMP Faq. Having visited the
site ( I found that I could not download
the Toolkit even when I gave my details on the registration page.

Chris Avis

SNMP Sniffer
>Does anyone know of a tool that will take a file containing SNMP 
>packets (e.g. output from tcpdump) and display the contents readably?

SnmpSniff, a promiscuous SNMP PDU sniffer.

I'm not sure where the source got to, but has some information.

Jim Trocki

SUBJECT: Where can I get Proprietary SNMP software?
     SNMP Research International, Inc.
     3001 Kimberlin Heights Road
     Knoxville, TN 37920-9716

     Ph: 423-579-3311
     Fx: 423-579-6565

    SNMP agents, extensible agents, managers, tools, etc.
    Available on a wide selection of platforms
     In Europe:
     SNMP Research International, Inc
     David Partain, Managing Director
     Teknikringen 1
     S-583 30 Linkoping
     Fax/Phone +46 13 21 18 81
     Epilogue Technology Corp.
     11116 Desert Classic Lane
     Albuquerque, NM  87111
     "Envoy(tm), Emissary, Attache, Attache Plus, Ambassador:
     Portable SNMPv1 & SNMPv2 agent/manager, MIB Compiler,
     UDP/IP & TCP/IP protocol stacks, RMON agent"
     Ph:  +1-805-650-7107  or  (505) 271-9933
     Fax: +1-805-650-7108  or  (505) 271-9798
     Email: David Preston,
     Australasian/Pacific Rim Distributor
     Internode Systems Pty Ltd
     414 Goodwood Road, PO Box 69, Daw Park SA 5041 Australia
     Email: Simon Hackett,  [Technical]
            Sales Folk,  [Sales]
     Ph:    +61-8-373-1020
     Fax:   +61-8-373-4911 
     Paul Freeman Associates, Inc.
     14 Pleasant St., P. O. Box 2067
     Westford, MA 01886-5067
     Voice: 800-PFA-WESA (800-732-9372) or 508-692-4436
     WWW  :     

     "Complete Host-Resources MIB (rfc1514) Extension Agent for
     Windows NT and Win95, in DLL form, priced $5.00 per seat.

     "Win 3.1 Extensible SNMP Agent -- WESA(tm): open, extensible
     V1+V2C Agent for Win3.1; and accompanying complete Host-
     Resources MIB. Each priced $5.00 per seat.
     "Open SNMP Agent(tm) for real-time OSs: open, extensible, 
     portable V1+V2C agent in source form for embedded systems
     under any RTOS. Variously priced, always less than $8000.

     "Open SNMP Agent(tm) for Unix: open, extensible, portable
     v1+V2C agent in source or binary (snmpd) form for any Unix
     or variant. Binary MIB-II for SVR4-like OSs."
     Empire Technologies, Inc.
     500 Northside Circle, NW Suite D7
     Atlanta, GA 30309-2100
     Ph: 404-350-0107
     Fx: 404-351-3638
     Cheryl Krupczak,
     MIB Manager(tm) X/Windows NMS tool, Agents for UNIX
     Systems Management and Host Resources MIB, and base
     SNMP agent source code.
     Precision Guesswork, Inc
     Contact Sales at
     phone: (508) 887-6570, fax: (508) 887-6552
     Web server at
     SNMPTools is a basic, inexpensive Network Management
     Station software package for PCs. The current version 
     runs over FTP Software's 16 bit DOS IP stack, a Win95 version
     is currently in Alpha Testing.
     DMH Software (please contact Yigal Hochberg)

     Voice: 978-649-5605  Fax: 978-649-2578

  1. Advanced portable SNMP-Agent designed for any "hosting-system"
     (embedded and others). Includes MIB compiler. Highly portable
     UDP/IP stack for SNMP and other applications.

  2. Simple snmp agent. CMU based SNMP Agent portable engine changed
     and redesigned to be integrated with any "hosting-system"
     (embedded and others).  Based on the popular core of the known
     CMU SNMP Agent, includes many improvements. Inexpensive solution.

  3. Portable internetworking component: TCP, TELNET, HTTP/Web-server,
     TFTP, BOOTP, Bridge, RMON, RIP and more.

  4. NT/W95 and DOS based SNMP Manager for SNMP developers. In
     addition to SNMP also includes ping, udp-echo and cookie
     client. Available as an executables or developer tool-kit.
     Castle Rock Computing
     20863 Stevens Creek Blvd
     Cupertino, CA 95014


     SNMPc is a full-featured SNMP Manager for Windows
     The SNMP WorkShop
     12 Mill Plain Rd #7
     Danbury, CT 06811-5135

     The SNMP WorkShop provides only custom and OEM SNMP software
     solutions. We no longer provide software "off the shelf".
     Network Management Technologies 

     SNMP Agent for Contact Closure Inputs and Outputs, Temperature and Humidity
     and ATI and Nortel Microwave radio systems.

     Contact: Mark Hammett

     Tel: +61 2 9439 1186 
     Fax: +61 2 9437 9363
     NetOps Corporation

     Distributed Status Monitor (DSM) High Performance
     SNMP Data Gathering for Monitoring and Diagnosis

     Web-Based network fault predition, analyis and reporting

     Tel: 914-747-7600
     RedPoint Software Corporation

     We make an ODBC-SNMP driver for Windows 95/NT.
     We also have an interactive demo on our
     web site that can be used to query any snmp
     enabled device on the internet.

     Clay Finley
     MultiPort Corp.
     622 Charlestown Meadows Dr.
     Westboro, MA 01581

     EZMP, PortMon, Ip Stack, BRID, Consulting services.
     Highly portable components including: SNMPv1/v2 agent, 
     MIB Compiler, IP stack, RMON agent, spanning tree bridge.
     Ph: +1-508-366-5867
     Fax: +1-508-366-4978
     Email: Reuben Sivan,

     Fax:   +61 43 68 1395
     Voice: +61 43 68 2118

    MibMaster is an HTML to SNMP gateway which allows any Web browser to
    be used to view SNMP MIBs. It supports:
	- full SNMP v1
        - traps
        - setting of MIB variables
        - Host discovery
        - MIB discovery
        - UDP and IPX protocols

    It comes with full MIBs for RFC 1213. Lots more MIBS
    available from the Equivalence Web site. An SNMP
    to HTML covert is provided. 

    A working version limited to seven variables per page
    is available for free download. Registration costs $US50
   and allows unlimited variables per page.

    For Windows 95, Windows NT, Solaris 2.5 and Linux x86.

   MG-SOFT Corporation, Strossmayerjeva 32A, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia

   Products supporting SNMP software development for win32 platforms:

    * MG-SOFT SNMPv3 implementation for Microsoft Windows (WinSNMP V3)

    * MG-SOFT WinSNMP Toolkit (SDK)

    * MG-SOFT WinMIB Toolkit (SDK)

    * SNMP EasyAgent Toolkit (SDK)

    * MONET SNMP Analyzer

   SNMP management products and utilities for win32 platforms:

    * MIB Browser Professional Edition with MIB Compiler

    * Net Inspector, general remote network management system

    * MG-SOFT MIB Compiler

   All metioned software products can be downloaded from:

    "ClearStats/Lite is a sophisticated yet inexpensive network
    management tool. ClearStats/Lite Version 2.0 is available Win NT,
    HP-UX and Solaris."

    GulfBay Network Systems, Inc.
    4925 O'Connor Rd. N.
    Suite 125
    Irving, TX 75062
    Phone (972) 717-0472
    Fax   (972) 717-3094
    BMC Software, Inc.

    2101 CityWest Blvd
    Houston, TX 77042

    Ph:  800-841-2031
    Fx:  713-918-8001

    PATROL SNMP Toolkit (tm) (formerly PEER OPTIMA).

    "Interoperable, extensible SNMP agents and high level
    development tools."
     COMTEK Services, Inc.
     3545 Chain Bridge Road 
     Suite 103
     Fairfax, VA 22030

     Phone: 703-278-0110
     FAX: 703-278-0108

     Sales: Dick Easton

      "COMTEK Services specializes in extensible
       agents including products in the following areas:

	-system management subagents for OpenVMS,
	 OS/400, and Stratus VOS systems
	-graphical MIB editor with optional subagent 
   	 code generation
	-subagent development toolkit
	-special purpose subagent development
       The NM*Server is an extensible agent. 

       COMTEK Services' MIB Editor is a tool which facilitates
       the generation of new MIBs or the modification of 
       existing MIBs.

       The NM*Toolkit subagent development toolkit provides
       a subagent kernel which includes features for the
       reliable reception of traps and generation and maintenance
       of a subagent configuration file."
     3763 Benton Street
     Santa Clara, CA 95051

       "SNMPinfo licenses the most up to date version of SMICng.
        SMICng is a MIB compiler that can be used by individuals
        for MIB design and for use with MIB utilities. Also, SMICng
        can be used in creating MIB browsers. SMICng has more
        extensive and better MIB checking than any other MIB compiler.
        It also does a much better job of converting MIBs in
        SMIv2 format to SMIv1 format than any other MIB compiler." wrote:
> Hello,
> I have to test a mib implemented on a new product.
> This mib is very simple and read-only.
> I should test stability, faithfullness with the standards, robustness,
> How can I do that ? There is some special tools to achieve that ?

There are some products available on the market to do this. One company I
know in this space who has excellent products is Simplesoft Inc, or
SNMP Tool Kit for Windows NT

LogiSoft AR Ltd. is shipping SNMPv2 toolkit for Windows NT/95 v2.1
The toolkit includes SNMPv2/v1 C++ class library for MS VC++ and
Borland C++ Builder. Please visit for details.
The SystemView agent that used to be referenced in the SNMP
FAQ is again available.  It's now at:
for Windows, OS/2, and AIX.

This includes an SNMP agent, an executable version of the DMI service
layer, and a toolkit.

Taboret is a graphical, rapid application development environment for 
creating cross-platform SNMP management applications. Taboret builds 
applications for the web and most major operating systems and network 
management platforms, including OpenView and NetView.

Jeff Curie

Have a look at  Statscout is a network monitoring
system with a web browser front end. Statscout can monitor up to 10,000
network ports from a single server. It has a builtin statistical LAN
analyzer, error reporting, SLA reporting, top utilization reports, outages
and warnings, SNMP traps, LAN alarms, etc....

Paul Koch                                

Email:           Statscout Ptd Ltd
Web:    Level 6. 360 Queen St
Phone: +61 7 32294750              Brisbane, Queensland, 4000
Fax:   +61 7 32294506              Australia

Gambit Communications sells MIMIC SNMP Agent Simulator which
will help you prototype an agent and achieve parallel development
and testing.

MIMIC SNMP Agent Simulator
Gambit Communications, Inc.
76 Northeastern Blvd. Suite 30
Nashua, NH 03062
Announcing ACE-SNMP, ACE-ExAgent, and ACE-SNMX systems, available for
Windows-NT and Unix systems. Fully functional evaluation copies of these
new products are available from:

Diversified Data Resources, Inc  --
Telephone: 1-800-233-3374              FAX:  1-415-898-7331
If you are looking to monitor servers up/down status, performance
thresholds, processes, etc.  without having to use or code SNMP, take a look
at a product called ENGUARD at

Richard Fisher

The FastBench SNMP Manager Toolkit from NETMANSYS
( provides a C++ API to develop SNMP manager
applications. It is delivered with a Class Generator utility to map MIB
entries into C++ objects and a comprehensive set of code examples.

Imed Ayadi

SUBJECT: Where can I get SNMP Shareware?

Joerg Christ wrote:
>i'm searching manager programms and tools like snmpget, snmgetnext ...
> for Windows NT 4.0 or 3.51.

1. You may wish to check MG-WinSNMP SDK, a 32-bit winsnmp
implementation by MG-SOFT. It is available under the shareware 
license. You can download it from 

Best regards, Matjaz Vrecko
Topic to be recycled.
If you are using Visual C++ on NT, you can download an SNMP packet
encode decode library from Network Computing Technologies, Inc

Visit and follow the link to download.
MON version 0.38pre7


    "mon" is an extensible fault detection package which can be used to
    monitor network and system resources. It is most useful for system
    and network administrators who are responsible for maintaining the
    operation of networks of hundreds or possibly thousands of nodes.

    Downloads are available from the above pages. Please use
    a mirror for downloading the software. Refer to for a list of mirrors.

Jim Trocki

SUBJECT: Miscellaneous FTP and WWW Sources


Bruce Barnett writes: 
>Here is my list of authoritative sites for SNMP source code....
>In particular, the MIB II version of CMU's code is available on  


SNMP Archives summary. Maintained by Bruce Barnett
The following are FTP sites for various packages...
        CMU SNMP v2 source (Library, agent, mid-level agent, 
        Tcl/Tk interface, net management routines) 
        4BSD/ISODE 8.0 SNMPv2 package 
        RMON agent for OS/2, SunOS 4.1.X, & Ultrix 4.1
        Tricklet (Perl-based SNMP tool for Unix or OS/2) 
        Xmonet network monitoring tools 
        SMIC -  MIB Compiler -

        Public MIBS

JP McNeely writes: "Both of these files are now available


Note that the Synoptics MIB is available under:

        MIB-II enhancements to CMU's SNMPv1 AP
        SNACC - MIB compiler with MIB-II Macros and C, C++ BER
                routines. various 
        Public MIBS

[EDITOR'S NOTE: Micha Kushner writes:
That name is didn't work for me. Try
Towards the bottom of the home page they have access to the ftp archives.
Try the /mib directory (not /ftp/mib).
The address is also OK and equivalent to] 
        MIBS for CISCO routers - 
        Version 1.2(Unofficial) CMU SNMP code. MIB-II support*
        Schema and oid for SunNet Manager
          - MIT SNMP code - MIB-II
         - Source of MIBs for DEC products.
          Tcl/Tk interface to SNMP
            - Cabletron MIBS

JP McNeely writes: "The above is now under: - Xnetdb "A network database and monitoring
                           tool" by
        X-based network monitoring system with an integrated database
        which uses SNMP and PING to graphically display the state of
        the network.
	NOCOL/SNIPS - System & Network Monitoring Software
	This is a network monitoring package for TCP/IP networks.
	v4.2 has been released (July 1998). Features:
	 - ICMP monitor
	 - RPC monitor for Unix hosts
	 - Unix host performance monitor
	 - SNMP variable monitor for RMON, Ciscos, etc.
	 - BGP monitor
	 - Mailq length monitor
	 - Ethernet load monitor
	 - TCP port monitor (SMTP, WWW, News)
	 - radius daemon monitor
	 - Nameserver monitor
	 - SNMP trap monitor
	 - Terminal server usage (modem lines)
	 - Novell services
	 - Appletalk routing
	 - Web interface 
        AARNet Traffic Monitoring
        This document describes the implementation of the
        'new' AARNet traffic monitoring application. The application
        is composed of several (sh) shell script programs, together
        with an SNMP application (GWTRAFFIC) and an interactive
        plotting program (GNUPLOT).
Re: perl & SNMP
        There are two solutions: one requires patches to perl, 
        the other (Tricklet, see above) uses an external program.
        Contact for information on his 
        extension/patches to perl for SNMP. It might be available via
        FTP on*
Re: "The Internet Rover" contact
Paul Boot writes:
I have a small contribution to the FAQ concerning SNMP FTP sites.
For the European users this site will be usefull:
dir: computing/comms/tcpip/snmp
This dir contains Tricklet, xsnmp, xnetdb and others.

Your Editor notes...

Public domain network management tools (not necessarily SNMP)
are available via anonymous FTP from

Look in the /pub/netman directory. The tools are:
    etherman - displays ethernet traffic by volume
    geotraceman - displays a geographic version of traceroute

Yuval Shchory wrote:

> I'm desperatly searching for an SNMP generator. What I need is give
> the generator an IP to which it should send the trap, and the MIB
> Variable which should be sent.



Jay Riddell

SUBJECT: What CMIP software is available?
    Public Domain Software is available from University College
    London, UK as follows:

Graham Knight writes:
>OSIMIS is not a supported package and no guarantees are offered about
>its operation. You may use it and adapt it to your own use but this
 is entirely at your own risk. We may be able
>to help with any problems you have but we can offer no guarantees -
>there is very little effort to spare for this at UCL.
>1. Internet
>   If you can FTP to the Internet, you can use anonymous FTP to
> [] and retrieve the files
>   osimis/osimis-3.tar.Z (a 2.2 Mb compressed tar image),
>   osimis/ (0.4 Mb of compressed postrcript).
>   If you do not have InterViews-2.6, you may also retrieve the files
>   osimis/InterViews-2.6.tar.Z (a 3.4 Mb compressed tar image) and
>   osimis/InterViews.README (a text file).
>2. FTAM on the IPSS, JANET or IXI
>   If you can use FTAM over X.25, you can use anonymous FTAM to the
>   host 23421920030013 through IPSS, 00000511160013 through JANET
>   or 20433450420113 through IXI with TSEL 259 (acsii encoding).
>   You should log in as "anon" and retrieve the files
>   osimis/osimis-3.tar.Z (a 2.2 Mb compressed tar image) and
>   osimis/ (0.4 Mb of compressed postrcript).
>   If you do not have InterViews-2.6, you may also retrieve the files
>   osimis/InterViews-2.6.tar.Z (a 3.4 Mb compressed tar image) and
>   osimis/InterViews.README (a text file).
>   For information only:
>        Telephone:     +44-71-380-7215 (George Pavlou)
>                       +44-71-380-7366 (Graham Knight)
>        Fax:           +44-71-387-1397
>        Telex:         28722
>        Internet:      <>

SUBJECT: SNMP and Windows NT/95

Note: This section is NOT intended to replace the Winsock FAQ,
but only to provide some specific SNMP-related references.
Books on Windows 95/NT SNMP

       Windows NT SNMP
       by: James D. Murray

       ISBN 1-56592-338-3

Getting started with SNMP on Windows NT

Windows NT comes with an extendible agent. You can install the extendible
agent, and a included MIBII extension, in Network in ControlPanel. Under
the Services Tab, you can press add service. The files should be included
on your CD. I don't think its possible to get the source code for the

There are, however, source code available for extension agents. You should
be able to find a document called "Microsoft Windows NT ANMP Agent
Extension", by Steve Rosato, if you search in SDKs, MSDN or maybe
Microsofts Web-pages. This document together with the sample
(Toaster-agent) gives a starting point in developing own extensions. There
are also several extensions available from diffrent vendors.

Both SNMP Agents and Managers on NT (and Win95) use the SNMP API. There are
source code available for a simple manager called SNMPUTIL and SNMPWALK.
Try to search for these.  And of course it's possible to buy NT managers
form diffrent vendors.

Kenneth Herskedal
Getting Traffic Counts

From a long post by Jean Renard Ward on traffic counts:
-------------------- begin excerpts:
This is a note I am posting and EMailing to many of the people who contacted
us from the USENET Newsgroups, ListServers, and other forums about
how to get the network traffic counters on Windows95 and WindowsNT.
               -- snip --
// "Coding for Win95 - The SNMP MIB"
// or
               -- snip --
// There is more information on SNMP at:
------------------- end excerpts
    for more info:
ucd-snmp and Windows NT

  "The ucd-snmp applications (snmpget, snmpwalk, snmptrap,
   snmptable...) all work on Windows NT and Windows 95.  The agent,
   however, currently does not.  The agent was originally written for
   the unix operating sytem, and agent's in general are very operating
   system specific, so porting the (or any) agent to an entirely
   different platform, like Windows NT, would be a rather long task.
   The ucd-snmp toolkit has a very extensible agent that allows you to
   remove large sections of code from compilation easily, so porting
   the agent could at least be broken down into sections and tackled
   in small pieces."

Wes Hardaker
Re: Traps with Ms Windows NT 4.0 SNMP API wrote:
> I'm trying to develop an agent, that sends traps with some variable
> bindings included. So far the only success was a crash of the SNMP
> service (bad luck!). My guess is, that I do not allocate memory
> correctly.
> Could anyone post me sample code how to do it right or any other
> advice.

Make sure you use the SNMP_malloc and SNMP_free routines. Also make sure
that you allocated (via SNMP_malloc) the varBindList.List memory
sizeof  RFC1157VarBind * # of variables (where # of variables equals
the len field).

Windows 95 SNMP Agent

Sanjay Zalavadia ( wrote:

: Anyone know of an SNMP agent that can be run on Windows 95

The Win95 SNMP-Agent is included on the Win95-CD. The agent can
be installed via the Network Option in the Control Panel. Location
on the Cd is ADMIN\NETTOOLS 

Martin Steiner

If you don't have the right win95 cd, you can get it from
under "SNMP Agent and related files" at the bottom
of the page.

Margie Mago


> I'm trying to build an agent on win95 too, but it seems to only work on
> NT...

Well, you're in luck.  I finally found out what was going wrong myself.
There's a documented bug in Win95 which means extension agents don't work.
Nice huh? You have to install the winsock 2 update available from the MS
website.  Maybe this should go in the FAQ.  It mentions that SNMPAPI.DLL
is required, but not that you have to get a new version of SNMP.EXE as
SNMP Community Strings on Windows 95

Bob deBoda wrote:
> how can i set the community names for win95 computers?  tia.

You have to do it directly by the windows registry. Microsoft
doesn't provides a tool to do it!!

Open the registry ->  regedit
Go under :

Add a key representing the communities you want to support.
Under this key, add string values representing the machines you want
to be in your community.

Go under :
Add the communities that you which SNMP to Accept request from.
(I'm not sure if this key is used, because the NT tool to add
communities doesn't update this key!!).

Alain Dessureaux
Windows 95/NT MIB

Rich> Anyone kindly advise me where can I find MIB for win95/NT ?
Rich> I have a SunNet manager that need to monitor the status of Win95/NT.

you can find the MIBs for NT and related software (IIS...) at

[see below] , the file is called NEWMIB.EXE

You can find this file on the RK - CD also.

The Win95 MIB should be provided on the Win95 CD in admin\nettools\snmp, but
I don't know if there is a special Win95 MIB.

Martin Steiner

For people who want to download directly the the Windows 95/NT MIB
and who may not be familiar with Microsoft's FTP site, the exact
URL for  newmib.exe is:

Eric Perie
SNMP Tool Kit for Windows NT

LogiSoft AR Ltd. is shipping SNMPv2 toolkit for Windows NT/95 v2.1
The toolkit includes SNMPv2/v1 C++ class library for MS VC++ and
Borland C++ Builder. Please visit for details.

Alan Revzin
The "Toaster MIB" and How to Use It

> Is anyone here acquainted with the sample SNMP extension agent and
> management app that come with the NT SDK?   The management app is
> command-line based, and the extension agent is supposed to manage a virtual
> Toaster, of all things.
> Howver, I cannot get any of it to work.  The extension agent dll is
> registered properly, and is definitely being loaded into the SNMP service's
> process space, but the SnmpExtensionInit API is never called.   Can anyone
> explain why this might be ?   It's got me utterly stumped ...
> Reuben Harris

If you want to test the toaster mib extension agent dll,
you must compile the toaster.mib file with mib compiler, mibcc
(this mib compiler is in NT resource kit CD)
when you compile the toaster.mib,
you must consider the order of mib file.
i think <<mibcc smi.mib lmmib2.mib mib_ii.mib toaster.mib will work>>
and then restart the snmp service and
retest the snmputil.

Hae-Joo Kim

	1) Install the SNMP Agent network service in Windows 95/NT.  (Sounds
like you already did this.)
	2) Register the extension agent in your Window 95/NT registery via
regedit/regedit32.  (Sounds like you did this too.)
	3) If needed, compile the extension agent.  (Using Visual C++ 5.0, I
successfully compiled the toaster MIB as a DLL with a static link to
	4) Install the extension agent (i.e. toaster MIB DLL) in the directory
you defined in regedit/regedit32.
	5) (And this is what took me a day to figure out...)  Install
snmpapi.dll in c:/windows.
	6) Restart your agent Windows 95/NT platform.  Your SNMP manager should
now be able to query the "toaster MIB" extension agent under

Dave Downey
Disappearing MIB Objects

I installed SNMP service on my NT4 w/s and ran perfmon and was hoping to
find the TCP/IP/UDP/ICMP objects to monitor them.. i just cannot find
them..any help why.. the documentation says they should show up!!

Some info I think I should add when i start the snmp service it says this
message :" The procedure entry point snmpsvcGetEnterpriseOID could not be
located in the dynamic link library snmpapi.dll"
But the service starts after that..

--Arni Raghu

This is a very common problem - The problem is that you've added SNMP after
you installed a Service Pack. You need to reinstall a service pack
(preferably Service Pack #3)

--Paul Bayer
"Is there any free SNMP manager that can run on NT 4.0"

You can download a copy of Compaq Netelligent Management Software strait
from Compaq's web site at

This package is a full win32 SNMP management console that comes bundled
with all of Compaq's networking products, but you can download it strait
from Compaq!  It has received some very good reviews lately and can
manage non-Compaq products as well as Compaq products.

-Pete Hansen

There is a free program from Network Computing Technologies that deals
with traps on NT.  It does pretty much what you have described, and they
will be willing to work with you on other implementations.  The latest
version, 3.0, is currently in beta and is available at

-Martin Cooley

SUBJECT: More About CMU SNMP Software

I've released version 1.11 of the CMU SNMP Library.  

This version contains a couple of bug fixes.  The most important one
is that it will correctly call the new parser to read the new mibfiles

If you use our SNMP library, and wouldn't mind others knowing it,
please send me some mail describing what you are working on, and any
URLs you may have.  I'd like to collect this information and put it on
the CMU SNMP web site.

For examples of how to use this library, check out the snmpapps

An example of using the build-in miniclient can be found at:

The main changes are:

Shared Library Support

Now has the ability to build a shared library.

New Parser

Added a new parser that will handle SMIv2 (and even some SMIv1) MIBs
without any MIB changes.  This was the #1 complaint about the previous
releases was the inability to use MIBs from within RFCs.  Now you can.

Check out for more information on what
MIBs we've used without problems.  (Currently, we're using lots of
MIBs from RFCs, and from Cisco.)

The old parser is still there, so the file /etc/mib.txt will still be
parsed as it is now.  However, if the file /etc/mib-v2.txt (or the
env. var. MIBFILE_v2 is set), that MIB will be read instead.

I believe everybody that uses our software will be happy with the new


I've released a new version of the CMU SNMP Apps.  They are located

The major change in this version is the Win32 port.  Included is a
readme file that will tell you how to compile them under Win32 with
the newest CMU SNMP library (1.9).

The CMU SNMP library, available at,
will encode and decode SNMPv1 (and v2) packets.  While it has a "C"
interface, the headers will correctly work with C++, and you can use
it there.

It does work in the Win32 environment, and currently comes with a set
of workspaces for Microsoft Visual C++ 5.0.


Anthony Perry wrote:
> I am trying to get CMU SNMP to compile nicely on Solaris 2.5.1 using Gcc
> 2.7.2.  I am getting a tonne of warnings on the lib build and tonnes of
> errors on the apps.

> Any suggestions that you can give will be greatly appreciated.



Niels Baggesen

Which CMU SNMP distribution are you using?

should compile without any problems.

-Ryan Troll

(Philip L. Tsai) writes:
>   The lastest distribution number I saw is 2.1.2, which doesn't compile 
>   successfully on Solaris (-- I ran into the same difficulty as Anthony).
>   Is V1.6 the same as 2.1.2 ?


No.  V1.6 is the SNMPv1 package, modified to allow SNMPv2 requests.
It is not based on the 2.1.2 package at all, doesn't come with an SNMP
agent, and doesn't support parties.

Basicly, if you want to write an SNMP app, I'd suggest this library.
But that's just because it's what I'm currently using. :)

If you want an agent and/or the SNMPv2 party stuff, use the library

-Ryan Troll

Steven Chew <smchew@> wrote:

> Can some kind soul please summarize the differences between
> the CMU version 1.6 and the UCD version 3.2 SNMP packages?
> I believe they both started from version 2.1.2 of the
> CMU library.
> Which one should I use as the basis
> to write an agent for an ethernet switch?  Thanks a million!


UCD started out from CMU 2.1.2. CMU 1.6 is a rewrite
(started from CMU 1.1)that offers an API and the simple
applications (GET, GETNEXT, WALK, SET), but no agent functionality. 
UCD has a reasonably complete (extensible) agent for
many (Unix) operating systems.

Niels Baggesen

Does CMU provide an agent?


The CMU SNMP Agent was part of the older SNMP software available via:

We currently do not support that agent.  I'd suggest looking at the
UCD SNMP Agent.  It was based on this agent, but is more functional
and portable.

-Ryan Troll

Guochun Zhao <> writes:
> I have two questions for developing SNMP Manager for trap messages.
> (1) In CMU library, when you start a session with snmp_open(), you
>     have to specify whether it is SNMPv1 or SNMPv2. Is that possible
>     to develop a manager can handle both SNMPv1 and SNMPv2 trap
>     messages simultaneously?


Yes.  Before you send each trap, reset the Version field of the
snmp_session structure to the appropriate value.

When the library decodes a PDU, it resets the version of the session
to what it received.  The version is only really used as a sanity
check when encoding V1/V2 specific PDUs.  If you change it before each
send, everything _should_ work.

> (2) How do I configure the community for SNMPv1 trap message?

The community string for all PDUs (V1 traps included) is the session
community string.  Just change it when you change the session Version,
and everything _should_ work as well.

-Ryan Troll

       Adding MIB to CMU SNMP 1.7


Basicly, you need to do the following:

* Make sure it's a v2 MIB (MAX-ACCESS, not ACCESS; etc.)
* Remove MODULE-IDENTITY entries
* Remove DEFVAL entries
* Remove (SIZE()) constraints on anything
   (IE: OCTET STRING and DisplayString)
* Make sure the first quote on all DESCRIPTION strings
  are followed by a space

That's all I can think of offhand.  Typicly, I make these changes, and
then stick the new MIB into the MIBFILE, and see what fails.

I've been placing the MIBs I've modified for use with our parser in:

If anybody comes up with other MIBS that have been modified, or
changes that need to be made, please send them to me, and I'll add
them to the HowTo / put them on the FTP site.

-Ryan Troll

i'm trying to get the cmu snmp library and the included tools to work
with my cisco router. as far as i only use the included mib.txt
everything works fine. but i also would like to look at the private
parts of the cisco mib. therefor i wanted to include cisco mibs into
the mib.txt file. but i haven't succeeded so far.

there are a lot of parse errors. i even downloaded the modified cisco
mibs from but didn't work either.

what is the correct way to do this? what cisco mibs to use? just
append the mib to the end of the default mib.txt?

i've read the faq and found no clue. i would be very glad if someone
could give me pointers to get this to work. better even: a working
mib.txt with cisco's mibs already included.

--Ralph Schmieder


The CMU code has a miserable parser when it comes to MIBFiles.

If you want some MIBs that will work with the CMU code, check out:

This contains the MIBs I've modified to work with our code, as well as
a script to process them into something usable.  Check out the readme
for more info.

This site contains lots of cisco mibs.

-Ryan Troll

Hey! Where's the Documentation?

The only true documentation for the CMU SNMP Library, aside from the
manpages, are the programs written using it.  The examples I'd suggest

* The SNMP Apps collection (

* The BIND SNMP Agent (

* DNSCMD: A small program to fetch data from the BIND SNMP Agent

DNSCMD uses the snmp-mini-client, so it should be a good example.

Some of the other stuff in the ciscotools directory
( may use it as well, but I
don't remember.

-Ryan Troll

For more info, check out:

SUBJECT: Miscellaneous SNMP-related Products

Ivan Leong wrote:
> for the data received via snmpwalk on _any_ given server,
> how do i go about defining a SQL database table to store
> the data?
> it should be as general as possible, ie, the table makes
> no assumation on the SNMP data nor the server(s) the data
> are from ..

I don`t know if it will solve your problem, but check this

The product is called SNMP QL. It allows you to do SQL
queries on an SNMP MIB. 

Benoit Legare

If you want a lot of versatility in the use of enterprise MIBs,
as well as some fun, try SnmpQL from Redpoint Software
( .  It is an ODBC driver that reads SNMP
data as a database.   The ODBC driver setup has a built in MIB
compiler, and it ships with several MIBs.  Imagine tying in
SNMP Gets and/or Sets with an Excel spreadsheet, Access database,
etc.  It's a totally different approach than SNMPc or HPOV, but
it will give you some creative ways to use the NT enterprise MIBs
as well as the MIB-II structure.

Jeff Jones
Monitoring Applications with SNMP

Paul Julie wrote:

> I wish to implement SNMP for monitoring application status.  Here is a brief
> list of requirements:
> 1) Segmentation fault or application dies, I would like the application to
> trap on this and send a message to OpenView or Tivoli (I realize this can be
> done through signals)
> 2) If we are reading a stream of synchronous data and it is suddenly stopped
> or slowed down it would be nice to report this to OpenView or Tivoli.
> I realize that SNMP was meant for networks, but I have been reading it's
> matured into an application monitoring tool as well.
> N.B We are currently using OpenView and are not committed to Tivoli, but we
> are leaning in that direction.  Apparently Tivoli will handle SNMP.
> Having said all of this I need information on the following:
> 1) Where are the SNMP C/C++ API's located to do this?
> 2) I need example code.  <--very important
> 3) I need supported platforms for Sun Solaris 2.5.1 and NT 4.0
> 4) Is there a "good" FAQ on this.

I've played around with lots of SNMP code, most of it freely available. I've
found the best for Solaris 2.5.1 to be from MIT. It compiled without error and
the code was very clean, if a little too elegant. You can get it from However, documentation is thin on the ground.
I spent a couple of days with the code and it taught me a lot more than anything
else. I'm successfully building agents to monitor our remote applications and
databases with it. (If you need help getting started I'll send you the code I
have added so you can get a general idea)

It took me ages to crawl up the learning curve for SNMP. Everything seemed too
complicated in the beginning, and the FAQs were not all that much use. However,
I found a book that helped me a lot. [Total SNMP 2nd ed. (1998) Sean Harnedy
published Prentice Hall, ISBN 0-13-646994-9]

Malcolm Sparks

[Editor's Notes: Sorry, Mr. Julie, but there are no '"good" FAQ's on this', just
this one. Sorry we let you down too, Mr. Sparks. Hopefully adding your input
will make it more useful to the next pilgrim.]
Data Collection Applications for SNMP

"Take a look at SNMX from WWW.CPRO.COM. [Note: See below]  This is a freeware,
very powerful SNMP scripting language.  It has some graphing capabilities built
in, but they are fairly primitive.  SNMX is ideal, however, for building your own
tool to extract the SNMP variable values you are interested in, and then
using some other tool (Access, Excel, etc) to do your analysis."

John W. Manly

"SNMX, Simple Network Management Executive program is now being distributed
by DDRI, Diversified Data Resources, Inc., of Novato, CA. Note that Cyber
Professionals, who previously was distributing SNMX, is no longer
incorporated or on the Web.

Distributions of SNMX Version 5 will be available after the first of this
month from DDRI's Web site: -- in the interim, you can
obtain information on SNMX from 1-800-233-DDRI (1-800-233-3374).

[...] please note that this program is freely distributed for
private use, but cannot be resold or redistributed by any organization or
individual, via any means or in any form, without written permission from
Diversified Data Resources, Inc."

Jeff Davison
An SNMP Agent for Software

> I need to make my server software monitorable with SNMP - see how many
> users are on, uptimes and so on. It would be nice if it could send
> notifications (traps?) about serious errors to SNMP monitors as well.
> Jukka Vaisanen

May be you would like to try AGENT++, which is actually a
very _simple_to use C++ API based on SNMP++.

It offers even a simple way to create SNMP tables.

See for details.

AGENT++, examples, and documentation can be downloaded from there.
AGENT++ can be used with Linux, Digital Unix 3.2/4.0, Solaris 2.5.1/2.6.
Porting it to Windows NT should be easy...

Frank Fock

"I downloaded AGENT++ from Mr. Frank Fock's web site last week and ported it
to NT.  Now it can be used to write NT Extension Agents.
You can visit to see the
Windows NT Port announcement."

Joseph C. Hu
An SNMP Trap Generator

There is an NT command line utility for generating traps available at:

There is also a text file detailing how to use it at:

You can visit their main web page at and follow
the link to download.  There you can get on a mail list for updates to
the program.

Martin Cooley
SNMP Sniffer

Announcing SNMP Sniffer version 1.0, a promiscuous SNMP packet decoder
for Linux and Solaris (potentially runs in any *NIX system supporting
libpcap and CMU-SNMP).

More information and source code in

Nuno Leitao


Andreas Kuhn wrote:

> I am new to SNMP. I want to start a snmp agent on a OS2 System.
> On a OS2 Warp 3 i have some tool: snmp, snmpd, snmpgrp
> On Warp4 the programs seem not to exist anymore. Where have they gone?
> How can I get a snmp agent for warp4?


Check out the free software/systemview agent stuff at:

Margie Mago


Some hints on SNMP and SCO Unix.

Jeff Liebermann


Bill Nash wrote:

>Is anyone aware of a Linux based SNMP management software package?
>Your help is appreciated.


You might want to brows the "Linux SNMP Network Management Tools" web
page at

There is also another compilation of references to freely-distributable
network management packages from:

Also there are several which can use SNMP to monitor devices, both for
fault detection and performance management:



    "Playin' in the LAN"

Jim Trocki

Nelson Yeung wrote:

>>Can someone tell me where can I download the linux version of ISODE 8.0 ?

It is available at most sunsite archives:

Mark Purcell


Nicolas Maillard wrote:

> Where i could find doc on as400 snmp (like snmp collect information tree)

Comtek Services has an SNMP Agent for AS/400.  Look at their web site for information.

Don Winans

SNMP++ -- An SNMP API Class Library:

"Try SNMP++ from!
It is truely object oriented and is much easier to use as CMU SNMP."

"SNMP++ Revision 2.5 
I am pleased to announce the completion of the new SNMP++
specification. Over the last year SNMP++ has gone from a version
1 specification, which was presented at a Birds-of-a-Feather at
Networld-Interop '95, to the currently available 2.5 revision. The new
specification is freely available on the following FTP server. 

Where to Find the New Specification and Header Files:
FTP Server Name: (
Login: anonymous
Files        /pub/snmp++/doc      snmp_pp.doc (MS-Word 6-7 Format)
                          (Postscript version)
             /pub/snmp++/include  *.h         (C++ class definitions)

The intent of the publication of this specification is to make 
SNMP++ an open specification as a C++ based SNMP API and as a C++
extension to WinSNMP. All developers are encouraged to review the 
specification and all comments and suggestions are welcome. 

What is SNMP++:
SNMP++ is a set of C++ classes which provide SNMP services to a
network management application developer. SNMP++ is not an additional
layer or wrapper over existing SNMP engines. SNMP++ utilizes existing 
SNMP libraries in a few minimized areas and in doing so is efficient
and portable. SNMP++ is not meant to replace other existing SNMP APIs
such as WinSNMP, rather it offers power and flexibility would otherwise
be difficult to manage and implement. SNMP++ brings the Object Advantage
to network management development.
Peter E Mellquist
"If you are interested in C++ APIs for multi-lingual SNMP manager
and agent development, you may download SNMP++ 3.0 (beta)
and AGENT++ 3.0 (beta) free of charge from

Both packages support v1,v2c, and v3 simultaneously. They support
v3 authentication via MD5 and SHA, as well as v3 privacy with
DES and IDEA. Please see the above mentioned URL for more

Frank Fock

See also topic
Hi, you may try SNMP++2.6a(e) from
I have modified the official SNMP++2.6 release for UNIX to work
with Linux (egcs), Solaris 2.5/2.6/2.7 and Digital Unix 3.0/4.0.
With a few more modifications to the Makefile it is reported to work
also for AIX. 

SNMP++2.6a(e) comes with a couple of bugfixes and little enhancements
to the official release. The fixes are listed in

Frank Fock

2.30.00 --The SNMP MIB (Management Information Base)

SUBJECT: What is a MIB?
  A collection of objects which describe an SNMP managable entity.  
  An Important Note: There IS ONLY ONE SNMP MIB.  All these other
  "MIBs" which are cited herein are extensions to *the* SNMP MIB.
  Popular usage and strict definition do not agree on this point, so
  be careful in how and when you talk about the plural of MIB.
"Most people, when first starting to learn SNMP, believe that the MIB is a
database/datastore.  It is not.  The MIB does not contain data.  Nor does
the MIB retrieve data from your monitored product."

"When a network manager wants to learn about your node, be it hardware or
software, he must have some way of determining what information is available
to him, and what it means.  This is where the MIB comes in.  The MIB is not
a database.  It is a way of logically grouping data so that it is easily
understood by all.  When you design a MIB, you define and describe the
components of your product.  You also define and describe the data-objects
which the network manager would be interested in.  When building your MIB,
you logically place the data-objects within the product components that you
previously defined.  You now have a description of your product, and the
data-objects which a network manager may request.  At this point, you have a
simple MIB.  Note that your product is not running.  There are no values in
the MIB.  Only a description of each object.  And yet your simple MIB is
complete.  A network manager could look at it, and gain a basic
understanding of your product.  He could also determine what specific
data-objects he would like to query; after your product is running, and SNMP
enabled, of course.":

"The MIB compiler does not 'generate data'. The MIB file is still in the
same form that it was written in.  It is an ASCII text file, written in
SMIv2 syntax."

Wallace Gaebel
SUBJECT: What are MIB-I and MIB-II
  MIB-I was the first SNMP MIB accepted as standard.
  MIB-II added some much-needed objects, and has become
  the standard SNMP MIB.
  Note that SNMPv2 expands upon MIB-II with new groups
  and objects, and is therefore not MIB-II but includes
  MIB-II. See below for more about SNMPv2.
Dave Jagoda  writes to provide ...
" ... some useful RFC's that I think might be of general
interest (particularly since I think many people don't realize these
exist and might try to invent something like these on their own).
They all have in common the fact that they are assigned under the
mib-2 portion of the tree."
  RFC1158, RFC1213, RFC1215:     mib-2 ( 1 - 11 )     mib-2
  In the case of  MIB-2 (12),  writes:
In RFC 1229, Extension to the Generica-Interface MIB, the
objects in ifExtensions, experimental (6), are defined.
In RFC 1239, some experimental MIBs are reassigned to standard MIBs.
At that time, the Generic IF objects are reassigned to mib-2 (12).
However, RFC 1573 officially "obsoletes" RFC 1229, by defining
a new class objects, in mib(30) and mib(31) that replace the
the ones of RFC 1229.
Also, there seems to be a new RFC -- RFC 1657 -- for mib-2 (15), BGP.
  RFC1243:              mib-2 ( 13 )       appletalk
  RFC1253:              mib-2 ( 14 )       ospf
  RFC1269:              mib-2 ( 15 )       bgp (obsolete?)
  RFC1657:              mib-2 ( 15 )       BGP   (current?)
  RFC1271:              mib-2 ( 16 )       rmon
  RFC1286:              mib-2 ( 17 )       dot1dBridge
  RFC1289:              mib-2 ( 18 )       phiv
  RFC1316:              mib-2 ( 19 )       char
  RFC1353:              mib-2 ( 20 - 21)   snmpParties, snmpSecrets
  RFC1368:              mib-2 ( 22 )       snmpDot3RptrMgt
  RFC1389:              mib-2 ( 23 )       rip2
  RFC1414:              mib-2 ( 24 )       ident
  RFC1514:              mib-2 ( 25 )       host
  RFC1515:              mib-2 ( 26 )       802.3 MAUs
  RFC1565:              mib-2 ( 27 )       network services
  RFC1566:              mib-2 ( 28 )       mail
  RFC1567:              mib-2 ( 29 )       X.500 directory
  RFC1573:              mib-2 ( 30 )       "IANA ifType"
  RFC1573:              mib-2 ( 31 )       "Interfaces Group"
  RFC1611:              mib-2 ( 32 )       DNS server
  RFC1628:              mib-2 ( 33 )       UPS
  RFC1666:              mib-2 ( 34 )       SNA NAUs
For info on an effort to develop a WWW server MIB, see

Micha Kushner writes:
You should make the following updates to part 2 of snmp faq, @III, @2.
Many of the RFS'c listed have been obsoleted.
MIB-II-        Listed           New
13              1243            1742
14              1253            1850
16              1271            1513  (Has rmon token ring extensions)
17              1286            1493
18              1289            1559
19              1316            1658
22              1368            1516
23              1389            1724

   Draft MIB RFCs as of 1 July 1996

  RFC 1493 - Bridge
  RFC 1516 - IEE 802.3 Repeater
  RFC 1559 - DECNet phase IV
  RFC 1657 - BGP version 4
  RFC 1658 - Character Device
  RFC 1659 - RS-232 Interface
  RFC 1660 - Parallel Printer
  RFC 1694 - SMDS Interface Protocol (SIP)
  RFC 1724 - RIP version 2
  RFC 1742 - Appletalk
  RFC 1748 - IEEE 802.5 Token Ring Interface
  RFC 1757 - RMON
  RFC 1850 - OSPF version 2

    proposed MIB standards as of 1 July 1996

  RFC 1285 - FDDI Interface (SMT 6.2)
  RFC 1315 - Frame Relay DTE
  RFC 1354 - IP Forwarding
  RFC 1381 - X.25 LAPB
  RFC 1382 - X.25 PLP
  RFC 1406 - DS1/E1 Interface
  RFC 1407 - DS3/E3 Interface
  RFC 1414 - Identification
  RFC 1461 - Multiprotocol Interconnect over X.25
  RFC 1471 - PPP Link Control Protocol
  RFC 1472 - PPP Security Protocols
  RFC 1473 - PPP IP Network Control Protocol
  RFC 1474 - PPP Network Control Protocol
  RFC 1512 - FDDI Interface (SMT 7.3)
  RFC 1513 - Token Ring Extensions to RMON
  RFC 1514 - Host Resources
  RFC 1515 - IEE 802.3 MAU
  RFC 1525 - Source Routing Bridge
  RFC 1565 - Network Services Monitoring
  RFC 1566 - Mail Monitoring
  RFC 1567 - X.500 Directory Monitoring
  RFC 1573 - Evolution of MIB-II IF Group
  RFC 1595 - SONET/SDH Interface
  RFC 1604 - Frame Relay Service
  RFC 1611 - DNS Server
  RFC 1612 - DNS Resolver
  RFC 1628 - UPS
  RFC 1650 - Ether-Like Interface
  RFC 1666 - SNA NAU
  RFC 1695 - ATM
  RFC 1696 - Modem
  RFC 1697 - RDBMS
  RFC 1747 - SNA DLC
  RFC 1749 - IEEE 802.5 Station Source Routing
  RFC 1759 - Printer

SUBJECT: How do I convert SNMP V1 to SNMP V2 MIBs?

Marc Ikemann wrote:
> Hi,
> I hope you aren't sick of this question - I can imagine that it's asked
> often - but I'm unable to find an answer, even the FAQ doesn't 
> tell me ...
> ... how to convert an SNMPv1 MIB to SNMPv2 ?!

On the following, "how can you convert a MIB in the SMIv1 format
to one in the SMIv2 format", the answer is that you cannot do this
mechanically. This is because there is more information content
in the SMIv2 format than the SMIv1 format. You can do much of
the work with a text editor, but not all. The process is covered
on pages 206-211 in "Understanding SNMP MIBs" by perkins and
mcginnis, and in RFC 1908 pages 1-6.

David T. Perkins

SUBJECT: How do I convert SNMP V2 to SNMP V1 MIBs? wrote:
> hello!
> I have some need to convert standard v2 mib to v1 mib.
> v2 mib has a object with syntax Counter64.
> how can I convert that object to v.1 synatx object?
> Is there any standard approach?
> thank you in advance.

I don't know if it's still in service, but try to send your v2 mib
to following address:

[Editor's note: URL reported obsolete.
Mike Heard suggests "Try"]

About Counter64 objects, there is no possible translation. You
should suppress them from the mib before sending it.

Olivier Miakinen

64-bit counters are not supported in SMIv1 nor are they supported in
SNMPv1 protocol. RFC 2089 covers the behavior of bi-lingual SNMP agents.

[post edited here]

The best approach for now is to NOT use the data type of Counter64 in
defining a new MIB object, and instead define two MIB objects.
One object is the low 32 bits of a counter value and the other object
is the high bits of a counter value. This places a burden on SNMP
applications, but is the best approach to be used until the high
capacity issue is addressed by the IETF SNMP community.

David T. Perkins
Michael Reinermann wrote:

> I'm starting to work on a small project, which should support SNMPv1 but
> not SNMPv2. (We will switch to SNMPv3 in later versions.) 
> For a description of the interface group in the MIB we would like to
> support the new RFC 2233. Now I found that in RFC 2233 there are a lot
> of imports from SNMPv2. So what's the meaning of this ?
> Do we really have to support SNMPv2 in order to work with new RFCs like
> 2233 resp. are we stuck with the 'old' RFC 1213 when supporting only
> SNMPv1 ?

The format of MIB modules is independent of the protocol except for
objects that have data type of Counter64. This type is not supported
in the SNMPv1 protocol. So you can implement RFC 2233 using the SNMPv1
protocol, except for the Counter64 objects. RFC 2089 provides you with
information about implementing a bi-lingual agent.

If your tools support MIBs only in SMIv1 format, you can convert
them from the SMIv2 format to the SMIv1 format with MOSY and SMICng.
(I would suggest that you get a license for SMICng from SNMPinfo

David T. Perkins

You can use mosy to convert MIBs. However, mosy is not doing a very
good job in keeping things readable. It will also simply abort if it
encounters things like Counter64 object types in SMIv2 MIB modules.
Mosy is freely available.

There is a free embeddable SMI parser library package called libsmi
which includes a program called smidump. The smidump utility can
output SMI MIB modules in various formats such as SMIv1, SMIv2, SMIng
and mosy. Future versions will also support CORBA IDL and OID files
(JIDM mappings) as well as various ASCII formats to be used by humans
to analyze MIB modules.

Finally, you can use the SMICng compiler written by Dave Perkins. This
is a commercial product and probably the best compiler you can get
right now. (I am sure there are more commercial products you can use
that I do not know about.)


Juergen Schoenwaelder

SUBJECT: What are enterprise MIBs? [MIB segments?]
  An enterprise MIB is a MIB created by an enterprise [company, etc]
  to define a set of objects that are related to some product[s] from
  this enterprise, and that the enterprise agrees to make public so
  that network managers can use the MIB to manage some products from
  this enterprise.
  Here are some enterprises that have their own enterprise MIB :
  Proteon, IBM, CMU, ACC...
                                - Paul Rolland
  [Note: There are now hundreds of enterprise MIB numbers assigned.]
SUBJECT: Where can I get enterprise MIBs? [MIB segments?]
  A. Try anonymous ftp to in mib/
[EDITOR'S NOTE: Micha Kushner writes:
That name is didn't work for me. Try
Towards the bottom of the home page they have access to the ftp archives.
Try the /mib directory (not /ftp/mib).
The address is also OK and equivalent to]


"If you're looking for a
specific manufacturer's MIB, try their sites first: - Cabletron - Cisco - Xyplex"
Almon (Al) Sorrell, Telecom Engineer 
  B. For now: see Section II, topic 1, part C for more FTP sites.

  C. The companies which sell networking gear usually have a
     Web site or FTP site from which you can obtain their
     MIB segments.

SUBJECT: MIB Compiler Topics

For AGENT++ there is now a free automated MIB Compiler SERVICE running.
Send a MIB file attached to an arbitrary (subject and body text will
be ignored) email to

and you will receive an .h and .cpp for AGENT++ in return.
(If an parse error occured you will get an error report)

The SMI parser I am using is based on JavaCC and I can highly 
recommend using JavaCC in conjunction with a SMI BNF grammar. 
Unfortunately I can't hand out our BNF grammar, but for anyone who has
particular questions / problems I am offering my help.

Frank Fock

SUBJECT: How can I get ______ from the _____ MIB?

Tim Finkenstadt writes:
>I was reading on cisco's web page (
>on SNMP that you can get the information about the following:
>  - whether the router is in danger of losing packets because of lack of 
>    available queue space.
>  - The average CPU usage over five-second, one-minute, and five-minute 
>    periods.
>  - The temperature of air entering and leaving the router. 
>Do any of you happen to know the SNMP location for those statistics?


These values are from the Cisco Management Information Base(MIB) User Quick
Reference - 10.3
Page 35   bufferFail   bufferNoMem

Page 36   avgBusy1   avgBusy5   avgBusyPer

Page 57   Use your snmpwalk to view this, too much to list

I don't have the exact URL to find this, but I know it is available at .  Try searching for avgBusy1 to get in the right area.

Dave Rupp

I wonder if someone out there knows, where I can find useful information
about the structure of the Microsoft MIB-Namespace (
Although I searched TechNet and NT-Server Ressource Kit, I found no 
detailed information. I'm especially interested in the OID's under the 
system tree (..311.1).

Martin Steiner



These are the top level OIDs. From here it gets very detailed. I have
found that the MIB instance returned is rather long and after study
reveals that MS Mibs return the value as a numeric mapping. i.e. 100 =
A, 101 = B, 103 = C ......

David Castaneda

If you search the keyword WINS.MIB or DHCP.MIB in the TechNet, you
should find something.

Joe Wong

Dan Teja wrote:
> I am trying to decifer date formats that are stored in octet strings.
> The date time Oct. 10 1997 10:01:02 is expressed as
> 07 CD 0A 0A 0A 01 02 00 2D 06 00 hex
>  7 205 10 10 10 1  2  0 24  6  0 decimal
> I have played with it enough to believe that:
> 07 CD 0A 0A 0A 01 02 00 2D 06 00
>    ^  ^  ^  ^  ^  ^
>    |  |  |  |  |  seconds
>    |  |  |  |  minutes
>    |  |  |  hours
>    |  |  day of month
>    |  month
>    year
> The questions I still have are:
> How does 205 decode to 1997?

The first two bytes are the year (0x07CD = 1997)

> What does the rest of it mean? (leading 07 and trailing 00 2D 06 00)

	8th byte is "deci-seconds"

	9th byte is either 2B (ascii "+") or 2D ("-"),
	indicating direction from UTC.

	10th byte is hours from UTC.

	11th byte is minutes from UTC.

Oct 10th, 1997, 10:01:02.0 -6 UTC

See RFC-1903, DateAndTime TEXTUAL-CONVENTION definition.

Jim Halpin


This problem would be much easier to figure out if you
provided the MIB definition. There is no one standard
format for storing date/time values.
The hex value 07cd in decimal is 1997.

The hex value 002d0600 could be the number of nano seconds, but
you can only determine this by reading the MIB definition.

David T. Perkins

[Topic "utilization" has moved to 1.50.01.]

Bernd Bachmann wrote:

>What is the best way 
>	* to find out dynamically whether a given MIB is supported by a
>specific device? 
>	* to retrieve the list of MIBs (e.g. Repeater-MIB, Bridge-MIB,
>enterprise-MIB) that is supported by this device? 
>Is it necessary to poll a specific variable in each MIB and interpret
>the answer. If so, which variables are suitable? 

In SNMPv1, there is no "automated" way of "discovering" what MIBs an agent
supports, so, yes, you would have to query something in each MIB module to
verify it (not that this would verify that the agent supported everything in
these modules).  I'm not sure what the difference between your two questions
was, though, since the only thing different seems to be that you used the word
"dynamically" the first time.  This, unfortunately, does not make any sense, as
everything in SNMP is more-or-less "dynamic".

In the now historical (some say hysterical ;-}) SNMPv2, they introduced a
mechanism which is being carried forward to the now-proposed SNMPv3: agent
capabilities statements and other MIB techniques for defining explicitly what
groups of attributes an agent supports.  These features are not yet widely
supported, nor is it clear exactly what role they will play or how solidly they
will be implemented.

T. Max Devlin

> I would like to know if the RMON MIB is implemented on  CISCO Router 2500
> series ?
> Thanks
> Laurent simonet

All depends on the version of IOS you are using ...

Check out

Incidentaly you can find out about all Cisco MIB support from

Neil Lavelle

> > I'm looking for information about the differentes variables in the MIB
> > CISCO to observe, threshold to respect, why and what are the actions to
> > do to correct ?
> >

> > Patrick Koussou

> There is a paper available, I believe I got it from the CISCO web site,
> on setting a monitoring strategy for routers.
> --
> Wim Harthoorn

I'm not sure if this is the same page you are referring to, but I found one
that might be useful. I remember finding it at alta vista searching for Cisco
MIB, it was titled Guidelines for Polling Cisco MIBS.
It came up within the first two pages of responses. Hope that helps.

Robert Evans

>>I'm looking for a small, simple programm for getting the 
>>interface traffic statistics from cisco routers.
>> Matthias Lohmann

See MRTG at

The Multi Router Traffic Grapher (MRTG) is a tool to monitor the
traffic load on network-links. MRTG generates HTML pages
containing GIF images which provide a LIVE visual representation of
this traffic. Check for an example.
MRTG is based on Perl and C and works under UNIX and Windows
NT. MRTG is being successfully used on many sites arrond the net.
Check the MRTG-Site-Map.

Irwin M. Lazar

Is there a standard way to represent a float as an attribute in a mib ?
The problem I see with an OCTET STRING or DisplayString is  that
in ascii text
	1.5 < 1.50
hence any comparisons may be mistaken. The only other way around
it that I see is to make every float item actually 2 items as such:
	float_val intenger
	float_exp integer
where 1.5 would be written as 15x10^-1 and
float_val = 15
float_exp= -1

However this seems extremely combersome. There has got to be a better

--Randy Sharpe

Not in the spec or in the V2/V3 spec.  No way to create floats that are
universally understood as floats.  RFC1902 takes away the old opaque
declaration that possibly could have been used.  We are looking forward
to Counter32, Counter64 and Integer32 to carry numbers.  What do you
need to float?

--"Ted R"
How can I reset a counter to zero?

> You cannot reset counters, they are by definition readonly and
> monotonic (modulo overflow).  The most common use of counters is to
> measure rates by retrieving the counters at two times, computing the
> difference and dividing by the interval(*).  If the counters are
> reset, this method becomes broken.  Since most systems that are
> managed would be queried by more than one operator, making counters
> read-only prevents this.  There is nothing that you can get from
> reseting the counters, that you cannot get with readonly counters.
> (*) and for more accuracy, retrieve the agents time in the same
> queries and use that, eliminating network delays from affecting the
> result.

-- Michael A. Patton

SUBJECT: How can I register an enterprise MIB?
Mark Wallace writes:
- A.5 (page 265) in "The Simple Book" shows how to apply.  
- You can email to
- You can just call IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority).

  The number is 310-822-1511 x239.
  You'll be asked a few questions and be given you your number.  
  This is faster than e-mail. Please supply:

  Company Name, Address, Voice Phone, Name of Contact,
  Contact's Address, Voice Phone, FAX Phone, Email.
- You can snail mail:
   Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
   USC/Information Sciences Institute
   4676 Admiralty Way
   Marina del Rey, CA 90292-6695
Mark Wallace
Harris Corporation, Electronic Systems, Melbourne, Florida, USA
If you utilize GNU Emacs, a profile is available which makes
Emacs set up specifically for ASN.1 editing.
      Contact David C. Brower via

SUBJECT: Where can I find the current Enterprise Number Assignments?

SMI Network Management Private Enterprise Codes:

Prefix: (

This file is

SUBJECT: How Do I Create a Table Within a Table?

"You cannot define a table "within a a table". To accomplish what you are
trying to accomplish, you must use additional tables. For example,
if the first table is indexed by object "myTab1Index", a second
table could be indexed by object "myTab1Index" (from the first table)
and object "myTab2Index" (from the second table). This subject
is pretty well covered in the book  "Understanding SNMP MIBs" by
perkins and mcginnis. Also, additional information about how to
express relationships between tables is found in the white paper
"Inter-Table Indexing" on the SNMPinfo Web site, with URL"

David T. Perkins

SUBJECT: How Do I Reset MIB Counters via SNMP

Douglas De Vine wrote:
> I'm having trouble giving write access to counter variables in the MIB2
> tree on a Cisco2511

This is a FAQ about counters.
The basic question is "Can counters be 'reset'." The answer is no, not
ever. If not, then how can the number of occurrences be obtained?
Answer, you obtain the value of a counter at the first of a time
interval and then at the end of a time interval, and you subtract.
Note, you must also accomodate for counter rollover and counter

For a short description of counters, see or
see the book "Understanding SNMP MIBs" by Perkins and McGinnis.

David T. Perkins

SUBJECT: How can I change a published MIB?

RFCs 2578-80 describes the allowed changes that can be made to MIB
modules. Changing the name of descriptors in "published" MIB modules
is not allowed. See section 10 of RFC 2578. (Unfortunately, this
section does not say "descriptors cannot be changed" directly. It
says this in a roundabout way with the last two sentences in
section 10.2).

[...]If the MIB module has not been published, then you can modify
it as much as you want. If it has been published, and the errors are
recognized soon, then you can modify it. However, if the module
has been available for some time and has been made widely
available, then you probably have to live with the problems.

David T. Perkins

SUBJECT: How unique must MIB variable names be?

1) OIDs are unique identifiers for all-space-and-time. An OID value
   is an ordered sequence of nonnegative integers that contains at
   least two members with the value of the first member restricted
   to 0, 1, or 2, and the value of the second member restricted to
   0 to 39 if the value of the first is 0 or 1. SNMP calls members
   of the sequence sub-identifiers. SNMP restricts an OID value
   to have at most 128 members, and no member can have a value
   greater than 4G-1 (4294967295).

2) For convenience of people, a label can be associated with
   each member of a sequence. Additionally, there are "well
   known" labels for OID values. SNMP reccognizes only
   "ccitt", "iso", and "joint-iso-ccitt" as well known
   labels for the first member in a sequence.
3) There can be multiple labels associated with an OID value!
   (Few SNMP utilities can cope with this.)

4) OID values in SNMP messages are sequences of integers. A
   sequence of labels is never used.

5) Most items defined in SNMP MIB modules are identified by
   an OID value. The exceptions are TRAP-TYPES defined in
   MIB modules in the SMIv1 format and textual conventions -
   either defined with a type assignment or TEXTUAL-CONTENTION

6) All items defined an a MIB module have a label, which is
   called a DESCRIPTOR by the SMI. The descriptors for all
   items defined in a MIB module MUST BE UNIQUE. MIB modules
   are a somewhat arbitary scoping mechanism for definitions.

7) The SMI further restricts descriptors defined in MIB modules
   found in standard track documents to be unique. However,
   there is no such restriction on descriptors in non-standards
   track documents or descriptors in MIB modules created
   by enterprises. The SMI requires that MIB module names
   found in standards-track documents are unique. However,
   no such restriction applies to MIB modules created
   by enterprises.

8) People generally perfer to identify items by descriptor
   value instead of a sequence of nonnegative integers.
   However, for each example of identification by descriptor,
   a counter-example can be given that shows that the
   identification is ambiguous. For example, a single
   descriptor is not globally unique. A descriptor
   qualified by a MIB module name is not unique because
   MIB module names are not globally unique. A
   sequence of descriptors is not globally unique
   because the descriptors for all the children do
   not have to be unique.

Only an OID value written as a sequence of numbers is unique.

David T. Perkins

2.40.00 --SMI

SUBJECT: What is the SMI?

"In order for the MIB to serve the needs of a network-management
 system, it must meet two objectives:
 1. The object or objects used to represent a particular resource 
    must be the same at each node. [...]
 2. A common scheme for representation must be used to support 
    interoperability."  -  William Stallings, op. cit. below
In both Internet and OSI network management these two objectives
are met by a common structure of managment information (SMI)
which is defined in RFC 1155.  The SMI is the specification
for the tree of MIB objects which which provides a means of
associating a common numerical identification code for a
given object.
The top of the SMI tree is the familiar mapping:
iso = 1
   org = 3
      dod = 6
         internet = 1
            mgmt = 2
               mib-2 = 1
which is the global root prefix of every SNMP MIB object.
For more details, see "1.12.01 What books are there which cover SNMP?"

SUBJECT: What is SMIv2?
"The IETF area directors just started an effort to move the SMIv2 (RFC 1902,
RFC 1903 and RFC 1904) from Draft standard to Full standard status. A small
"design team" has been formed to work out a proposal. The prime focus is
to add clarification etc. not to add new functionality to the SMIv2. You
can find more information on the Web page at:

You will find information about the work plan and the current issue list
to be addressed by the design team on the Web page."

Juergen Schoenwaelder
Currently, there is no precise grammer for SMIv1 and SMIv2. A while
back in time in July 1996, Dave Perkins published an I-D that described
a lexical specification of SMIv2. It was expired in 1997.

The documents describing SMIv2 are RFCs 1902 - 1904, which will
hopefully soon be obsoleted by full standard replacements with many
clarification, but no major changes. Take a look at

These documents describe the SMIv2 not fully self-contained. They
still state their basics from ASN.1.

Frank Strauss

SUBJECT: Table Indexing and SMI

Marjorie Krueger wrote:

> Is there a good reason (or rule) to include the index as an object in a
> table???

Good index design is one of the harder aspects of MIB design.

In the good old days of SMIv1, all indices were read-only columns
in the table where they were used. Then MIB designers started
using existing indices in new tables under certain situations.
Then SMIv2 was created that specified two important changes.
It introduced the AUGMENTS clause for tables that had a
one-to-one relationship between rows, and specified that the
usual case for access of indices is "not-accessible".
Then MIB designers went sort of crazy with specifying indices.

There is a white paper on the SNMPinfo site (
that describes inter-table indexing. Some MIB designers think
it is too strict. However, if you follow it, your indexing
will always be valid.

David Perkins
2.45.00 --ASN.1

SUBJECT: What is ASN.1?
"ASN.1 : This is an Abstract Syntax Notation One. ASN.1 is an language
used to define the formats of the PDUs that are exchanged by SNMP
entities, and also used to defined the objects that are managed thru
SNMP. This is a formal language, with a grammar that has been defined
in :
  Information Processing
  Open System Interconnection
  Specification of
  Abstract Syntax Notation ONE (ASN.1). 
  International Organization for Standardization
  (ISO) and International Electrotechnical Committee, 
  1987. International Standard 8824.
In ASN.1, you can define Modules, which are collections of ASN.1
descriptions, each description referring to an object. Possible
objects are types, values and macros. Types can be both simple or
constructed, constructed types being based on one or more simple
types. Simple types are : Integer, Octet String, Object Identifier,

Paul Rolland

and ...

"All versions of SNMP are based on ASN.1:1988 (that is X.208).

However, knowing ASN.1 will actually make it harder for you to
understand SNMP! The protocol definition is pretty straightforward.
However, the MIB module language is an ADAPTED subset of ASN.1,
with the stress on ADAPTED."

Dave Perkins
ASN.1 is well defined and explained in three of the books mentioned in
this FAQ:
From Philipp Hoschka:
"I've assembled a number of ASN.1-related internet resources
and included them in my homepage."
"Additions are welcome, but only in the form of working
 html references, please."
      Open Systems Networking: OSI & TCP/IP
      by: David Piscitello & A. L. Chapin
      SNMP, SNMPv2 and CMIP: The Practical Guide to
      Network Management Standards
      by: William Stallings
      The Open Book: A Practical Perspective on OSI
      by: Marshall T. Rose
"here are some facts about the X.208 / X.209 documents that
you might want to include in the SNMP FAQ:

International Telecommunication Union ITU-T X.208

Open Systems Interconnection, Model and Notation

Specification of Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1)

ITU-T Recommendation X.208(Extract from the Blue Book)

Pages: 72
Publication Year: 1988
Price of Online Copy: CHF 25.00(Sep.98)

International Telecommunication Union ITU-T X.209

Open Systems Interconnection, Model and Notation

Specification of Basic Encoding Rules
for Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1)

ITU-T Recommendation X.209(Extract from the Blue Book)

Pages: 23
Publication Year: 1988
Price of Online Copy: CHF 20.00 (Sep.98)

The document X.208 is technically aligned to ISO 8824 and 8824.1.
The document X.209 is technically aligned to ISO 8825 and 8825.1.

Both documents are available online at ITU for download in the
formats PDF, PostScript, and MS Word, in the languages English,
French and Spanish.

Their web site is: "".

Ekkehard Morgenstern

"The ASN.1 standards document X.208 may be purchased over the Internet
directly from the ITU by credit card at:

Cost is 34 Swiss Francs (about US$26 at todays exchange rate.)

The standard for ASN.1 BER:

Cost is 20 Swiss Francs (about US$15 at todays exchange rate.)"

James Logajan

Try the book "Abstract Syntax Notation One - ASN.1 - The Tutorial &
Reference" by Douglas Steedman - ISBN 1 871802 06 7, published by
Technology Appraisals Ltd in 1990.

C.J. Copplestone

SUBJECT: Why is ASN.1 not Definitive for SNMP

The problem with ASN.1 in relation with SMI is, that people need the
old(!) version from 1987/88, since this is the version, SMI is based
on. Anyhow, I never tried to find out the relevant differences from
the new ASN.1 specs, and probably nobody ever did. The first paragraph
of the SMIv2 specs says

   [...] These modules are written using an adapted subset of
   OSI's Abstract Syntax Notation One, ASN.1 (1988) [1]. [...]

Frank Strauss

[ and, later ...]

I cannot tell the context of the orginal question. But yet again,
to write an SNMP agent or manager, do not fall for the belief that
you need an ASN.1 compiler. Also, do not fall for the believe that
you need an ASN.1 compiler for processing MIB modules.

Whether one or not a asn.1 compiler is free does not matter, because
you really do not need one!

David Perkins

2.50.00 --BER

Layman's guide to BER.

Jim Trocki 

SUBJECT: How is the Integer value -1 encoded?

> I am looking for expert opinions on how negative one aka (-1)
> is encoded using BER. This is
> generated in response to an SNMP error on AIX.
> J.C. Magras

Stallings has: "2's complement representation with the minimum number of

That would be 02 01 FF, where 02 is the type tag, 01 the length, and FF the

Stallings, W. (1993) SNMP, SNMPv2, and CMIP. Addison-Wesley, Reading,

Mike Allan

SUBJECT: What is the Maximum Size of an SNMP Message?

"The limit on the message size is the minimum of the maximum that the
receiver can process and the maximum that the sender can generate.
The minimum can be no smaller than 484 octets.

A practical maximum is the size that can fix in a UDP message that
does not cause IP fragmentation. This is around 1200 octets on
Ethernet networks. 

Many networks use UDP messages that are around 4K octets, even though
IP fragmentation occurs. Going over routed connections where you
might get packet loss, you would probably not want to have fragementation."

David T. Perkins
SUBJECT: Appendix A. Glossary
  TBS - A Big TV Station in Atlanta, Ga (Ha!)
SUBJECT: Appendix B. Acknowledgements & Credits
Some folks have sent in contributions, while
others have contributed unwittingly by the
nature of their posts to news://comp.protocols.snmp.


As a result of some of the abuses of EMail now taking place on
the Internet, we are adopting a policy of NOT providing EMail
addresses of individual contributors in these postings. We will
continue to provide EMail addresses of commercial contributors
unless requested not to.
The assistance of each of the following folks  in the creation
of this document is hereby most gratefully acknowledged:
                --- o0o ---

Vikas Aggarwal
Jorge Alaman~ac
Mike Allan
Anonymous         "S/he's everywhere!"
David Anselmi
Jason Armistead
Mark D. Aubrey
Chris Avis
Imed Ayadi

Robert Babb
Bernd Bachmann
Niels Baggesen
Michael Bank
Bruce Barnett [Bruces URL list is staggering!]
David Battle
Kevin Baughman
Paul Bayer
Sergio Bernardo
Scott S. Bertilson
Judy Bettinger  
Paul W. Boot 
J. Dean Brock
Borge Brunes 
Brian Brown 

Max Caines
Wayne Cannon
Dave Castaneda
John Catalano
Barry D. Chalcroft
Huei-Ping Chen
Charlie Choung 
Tom Cikoski ( Editor & Publisher
Paul Coghlan
Brett Coley
Martin Cooley
Dan Cox
Jeff Curie
Jeffrey S. Curtis 
Robin Cutshaw 

Jeff Davison
Bob deBoda
Charlie Dellacona
Alain Dessureaux
Douglas De Vine    
T. Max Devlin
Sven Doerr
Arnold de Leon 
George Dolbier
Mike Dorin
Matt Dougherty
Dave Downey
Jeff Drew
The Duke, Duke, Duke of Earl

Queen Elizabeth II and her dog "Pookie"
Michael A. Erlinger
Robert Evans

Moritz Farbstein 
Sidnie Feit
Nancy Fink
Tim Finkenstadt
Bernhard Fischer
Richard Fisher
Gary Flynn
Frank Fock
Rabbe Fogelholm

Wallace Gaebel
Chris Gatto
Clark Gaylord
Jude A. George
Tom Georges
Dan Gold 
Richard L. Gralnik 

Jim Halpin
Mark Hammett
Pete Hansen  
Wes Hardaker
Brad Harris
Reuben Harris
Simon Harrison
Wim Harthoorn
C. M. "Mike" Heard
Rob Henderson
Dave Hendricks
Eric van Hengstum
Kenneth Herskedal
Yigal Hochberg
Philipp Hoschka
Joseph C. Hu 
Hsing-Kuo Hua

Marc Ikemann

Dave Jagoda 
Bryce Jasmer 
Earl Jones
Jeff Jones 
Russell Jones
Paul Julie 

Hae-Joo Kim
Jan-Arendt Klingel 
Graham Knight
Stev Knowles
Paul Koch
Raja Kolli                       
Alexander V. Konstantinou
George Koukoulas
Patrick Koussou
Marjorie Krueger
Cheryl Krupczak
Andreas Kuhn 
Micha Kushner

Cameron Laird
Neil Lavelle
Irwin M. Lazar
Simon Leinen 
Allan Leinwand
Marty Leisner
Nuno Leitao
Benoit Legare
Ivan Leong
Jeff Liebermann
Manuel Rozier de Linage
James Logajan
Matthias Lohmann
The Lone Ranger

Margie Mago
J. C. Magras
Nicolas Maillard
John W. Manly
Laurence V. Marks
Kevin Martin
Mike Martone
Darth Maul -- Knows The Dark Side of the MIB
John P. McNeely 
Christophe Meessen 
Peter Mellquist
Olivier Miakinen
Ekkehard Morgenstern
James D. Murray  

Bill Nash
Ana Neto
A Ninja who's just as afraid of you as you are of him!

Donal O'Sullivan
David Oury
Blaine Owens

Michael A. Patton
Gen. George S. Patton, Jr -- he'll get your SNMP in shape!
David Partain
Andre Peres
Dave Perkins 
David Pascoe
Eric Perie
Werner Poeppel
Kevin Postlewaite
Shyamal Prasad
Gerard Puoplo
Mark Purcell

Arni Raghu
Brad Reese
David Reid
Michael Reinermann 
Alan Revzin
Jay Riddell
Andreas Rittershofer
Bob Robillard 
Aleksey Y Romanov 
The Romanovs of Ancient Russia
Paul Rolland 
Dave Rupp

Ralph Schmieder
Richard Schneider 
Cindy Schlener 
Juergen Schoenwaelder
Frances K. Selkirk 
Christian Seyb
Randy Sharpe
Yuval Shchory
Barry Shein 
Jeffrey Shimbo
John Silva
Reuben Sivan
Robert Slade
Christopher Smiga
George B. Smith                      
Tim Snell
Malcolm Sparks 
Almon (Al) Sorrell 
Craig Southern 
Bill Stallings
Hal M. Staniloff
James Stansell
Martin Steiner
Dave Stephens
Joyce Steyer
Frank Strauss

Judi Theg Talley 
Taavi Talvik
Dan Teja
Mohit Tendolkar
Holger Trapp
Jim Trocki
Ryan Troll

Darth "I'm Really A Fun Guy" Vader
Jukka Vaisanen
Tyler Vallillee 
Bert Vandegaer
Harald van Santen 
Ruediger Volk
Matjaz Vrecko

Dave Waddell 
David Waitzman 
Les Walker 
Mark Wallace
Jean Renard Ward
Andreas Weder
Phil Wentworth
Pete Wilson
Don Winans
John Winfield
Carl Wist 
Stefan Witzel 
Bruce Wollen 
Ralph C Wolman
Joe Wong
Richard Wood

Xena [the Woman Guys Don't Mess With]

Yoda [He polls SNMP agents using The Force!]
Nelson Yeung

Sanjay Zalavadia
Uwe Zimmermann
Rainer Zocholl
Fred Zorbutski    -- (who has given us all so much!)

                --- o0o ---
SUBJECT:    A Special, Personal Thanks
My meager, threadbare knowledge of SNMP and SNMPv2 would be
all the more so except for the patient attention of
Jeff Case and Steve Waldbusser.  These two fellows are
not only masters of their craft, they are also true
gentlemen in every sense of the word. My gratitude.
                            - Tom Cikoski
SUBJECT:    "Truth in Publishing" Notice:
         This FAQ is maintained by Tom Cikoski
 of Panther Digital Corporation, Danbury Connecticut, USA,
 using Internet access paid for by Panther Digital for its
 business use, which includes EMail, ftp, telnet, etc.
 Panther Digital Corporation sells/resells network management
 products and services, including SNMP managers and tools.
 Panther Digital is a reseller for some products and services
 named in the above FAQ. This FAQ is provided as a service to
 the readers of this newsgroup, and in no way represents an
 attempt by Panther Digital Corporation to market its wares.

Panther Digital Corporation is a partner in The SNMP WorkShop.
( )_( )     Panther Digital Corporation  &  The SNMP workShop
 \. ./               Danbury, CT, USA  (203) 778-9507

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