Go to the first, previous, next, last section, table of contents.

Invoking cpio

Copy-out mode

In copy-out mode, cpio copies files into an archive. It reads a list of filenames, one per line, on the standard input, and writes the archive onto the standard output. A typical way to generate the list of filenames is with the find command; you should give find the -depth option to minimize problems with permissions on directories that are unreadable. See section Options.

cpio {-o|--create} [-0acvABLV] [-C bytes] [-H format]
[-M message] [-O [[user@]host:]archive] [-F [[user@]host:]archive]
[--file=[[user@]host:]archive] [--format=format] [--sparse]
[--message=message][--null] [--reset-access-time] [--verbose]
[--dot] [--append] [--block-size=blocks] [--dereference]
[--io-size=bytes] [--help] [--version] < name-list [> archive]

Copy-in mode

In copy-in mode, cpio copies files out of an archive or lists the archive contents. It reads the archive from the standard input. Any non-option command line arguments are shell globbing patterns; only files in the archive whose names match one or more of those patterns are copied from the archive. Unlike in the shell, an initial `.' in a filename does match a wildcard at the start of a pattern, and a `/' in a filename can match wildcards. If no patterns are given, all files are extracted. See section Options.

cpio {-i|--extract} [-bcdfmnrtsuvBSV] [-C bytes] [-E file]
[-H format] [-M message] [-R [user][:.][group]]
[-I [[user@]host:]archive] [-F [[user@]host:]archive]
[--file=[[user@]host:]archive] [--make-directories]
[--nonmatching] [--preserve-modification-time]
[--numeric-uid-gid] [--rename] [--list] [--swap-bytes] [--swap]
[--dot] [--unconditional] [--verbose] [--block-size=blocks]
[--swap-halfwords] [--io-size=bytes] [--pattern-file=file]
[--format=format] [--owner=[user][:.][group]]
[--no- preserve-owner] [--message=message] [--help] [--version]
[-no-abosolute-filenames] [-only-verify-crc] [-quiet]
[pattern...] [< archive]

Copy-pass mode

In copy-pass mode, cpio copies files from one directory tree to another, combining the copy-out and copy-in steps without actually using an archive. It reads the list of files to copy from the standard input; the directory into which it will copy them is given as a non-option argument. See section Options.

cpio {-p|--pass-through} [-0adlmuvLV] [-R [user][:.][group]]
[--null] [--reset-access-time] [--make-directories] [--link]
[--preserve-modification-time] [--unconditional] [--verbose]
[--dot] [--dereference] [--owner=[user][:.][group]] [--sparse]
[--no-preserve-owner] [--help] [--version] destination-directory
< name-list

Options

-0, --null
Read a list of filenames terminated by a null character, instead of a newline, so that files whose names contain newlines can be archived. GNU find is one way to produce a list of null-terminated filenames. This option may be used in copy-out and copy-pass modes.
-a, --reset-access-time
Reset the access times of files after reading them, so that it does not look like they have just been read.
-A, --append
Append to an existing archive. Only works in copy-out mode. The archive must be a disk file specified with the -O or -F (--file) option.
-b, --swap
Swap both halfwords of words and bytes of halfwords in the data. Equivalent to -sS. This option may be used in copy-in mode. Use this option to convert 32-bit integers between big-endian and little-endian machines.
-B
Set the I/O block size to 5120 bytes. Initially the block size is 512 bytes.
--block-size=BLOCK-SIZE
Set the I/O block size to BLOCK-SIZE * 512 bytes.
-c
Use the old portable (ASCII) archive format.
-C IO-SIZE, --io-size=IO-SIZE
Set the I/O block size to IO-SIZE bytes.
-d, --make-directories
Create leading directories where needed.
-E FILE, --pattern-file=FILE
Read additional patterns specifying filenames to extract or list from FILE. The lines of FILE are treated as if they had been non-option arguments to cpio. This option is used in copy-in mode,
-f, --nonmatching
Only copy files that do not match any of the given patterns.
-F, --file=archive
Archive filename to use instead of standard input or output. To use a tape drive on another machine as the archive, use a filename that starts with `HOSTNAME:'. The hostname can be preceded by a username and an `@' to access the remote tape drive as that user, if you have permission to do so (typically an entry in that user's `~/.rhosts' file).
--force-local
With -F, -I, or -O, take the archive file name to be a local file even if it contains a colon, which would ordinarily indicate a remote host name.
-H FORMAT, --format=FORMAT
Use archive format FORMAT. The valid formats are listed below; the same names are also recognized in all-caps. The default in copy-in mode is to automatically detect the archive format, and in copy-out mode is `bin'.
`bin'
The obsolete binary format.
`odc'
The old (POSIX.1) portable format.
`newc'
The new (SVR4) portable format, which supports file systems having more than 65536 i-nodes.
`crc'
The new (SVR4) portable format with a checksum added.
`tar'
The old tar format.
`ustar'
The POSIX.1 tar format. Also recognizes GNU tar archives, which are similar but not identical.
`hpbin'
The obsolete binary format used by HPUX's cpio (which stores device files differently).
`hpodc'
The portable format used by HPUX's cpio (which stores device files differently).
-i, --extract
Run in copy-in mode. See section Copy-in mode.
-I archive
Archive filename to use instead of standard input. To use a tape drive on another machine as the archive, use a filename that starts with `HOSTNAME:'. The hostname can be preceded by a username and an `@' to access the remote tape drive as that user, if you have permission to do so (typically an entry in that user's `~/.rhosts' file).
-k
Ignored; for compatibility with other versions of cpio.
-l, --link
Link files instead of copying them, when possible.
-L, --dereference
Copy the file that a symbolic link points to, rather than the symbolic link itself.
-m, --preserve-modification-time
Retain previous file modification times when creating files.
-M MESSAGE, --message=MESSAGE
Print MESSAGE when the end of a volume of the backup media (such as a tape or a floppy disk) is reached, to prompt the user to insert a new volume. If MESSAGE contains the string "%d", it is replaced by the current volume number (starting at 1).
-n, --numeric-uid-gid
Show numeric UID and GID instead of translating them into names when using the `--verbose option'.
--no-absolute-filenames
Create all files relative to the current directory in copy-in mode, even if they have an absolute file name in the archive.
--no-preserve-owner
Do not change the ownership of the files; leave them owned by the user extracting them. This is the default for non-root users, so that users on System V don't inadvertantly give away files. This option can be used in copy-in mode and copy-pass mode
-o, --create
Run in copy-out mode. See section Copy-out mode.
-O archive
Archive filename to use instead of standard output. To use a tape drive on another machine as the archive, use a filename that starts with `HOSTNAME:'. The hostname can be preceded by a username and an `@' to access the remote tape drive as that user, if you have permission to do so (typically an entry in that user's `~/.rhosts' file).
--only-verify-crc
Verify the CRC's of each file in the archive, when reading a CRC format archive. Don't actually extract the files.
-p, --pass-through
Run in copy-pass mode. See section Copy-pass mode.
--quiet
Do not print the number of blocks copied.
-r, --rename
Interactively rename files.
-R [user][:.][group], --owner [user][:.][group]
Set the ownership of all files created to the specified user and/or group in copy-out and copy-pass modes. Either the user, the group, or both, must be present. If the group is omitted but the ":" or "." separator is given, use the given user's login group. Only the super-user can change files' ownership.
-s, --swap-bytes
Swap the bytes of each halfword (pair of bytes) in the files.This option can be used in copy-in mode.
-S, --swap-halfwords
Swap the halfwords of each word (4 bytes) in the files. This option may be used in copy-in mode.
--sparse
Write files with large blocks of zeros as sparse files. This option is used in copy-out and copy-pass modes.
-t, --list
Print a table of contents of the input.
-u, --unconditional
Replace all files, without asking whether to replace existing newer files with older files.
-v, --verbose
List the files processed, or with `-t', give an `ls -l' style table of contents listing. In a verbose table of contents of a ustar archive, user and group names in the archive that do not exist on the local system are replaced by the names that correspond locally to the numeric UID and GID stored in the archive.
-V --dot
Print a . for each file processed.
--version
Print the cpio program version number and exit.

Go to the first, previous, next, last section, table of contents.